Ch. 4 Organic Compounds (test 2) Flashcards Preview

Scott > Ch. 4 Organic Compounds (test 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 4 Organic Compounds (test 2) Deck (47):
1

How do condensed structural formula and skeletal structures differ from the electron dot and line-bond structures?

Condensed structural formula and skeletal structures are a type of shorthand that makes it easier to write out larger formula and structures without clutter.  

2

Intermolecular Forces (IMF) are interactions between ______.

Molecules

3

Intermolecular Forces (IMF) do not involve the sharing of ________.

VE's

4

Nonpolar molecules or nonpolar parts of molecules are attracted to one another by ________.

London Forces

5

_______is the result of the continuous motion of e's w/in an atom or a compound.

London Forces

6

A _____ London force exists between small molecules.

Weak

7

A _____ London force exists between larger molecules.

Stronger

8

What type of bonding is taking place?

Hydrogen Bonding

 

(N, O, F)

9

What type of bonding is taking place?

Hydrogen Bonding

 

(N,O, F)

10

What type of bonding is taking place?

London Forces

11

What type of bonding is taking place?

Dipole-dipole

&

Hydrogen bonding

12

Hydrocarbons

Alkanes: 

Key features?

Saturated or Unsaturated?

Name?

 

Atoms joined by single bonds

 

Saturated

 

Propane

13

Hydrocarbons

Alkenes:

Key features?

Saturated unsaturated? 

Name?

 

At least one carbon to carbon double bond

 

Unsaturated

 

Propene

14

Hydrocarbons

Alkynes:

Key features?

Saturated unsaturated? 

Name?

 

At least one carbon to carbon triple bond

 

Unsaturated

 

Propyne

15

Hydrocarbons

Aromatic Compounds:

Key features?

Saturated unsaturated? 

Name?

 

Ring of alternating single and double bonds

 

Unsaturated

 

Benzene

16

Hydrocarbons

 

Double bonds are Saturated or Unsaturated?

 

Unsaturated

17

IUPAC Naming

Meth

# of carbons: 1

18

IUPAC Naming

Eth

# of carbons: 2

19

IUPAC Naming

Prop

# of carbons: 3

20

IUPAC Naming

But

# of carbons: 4

21

IUPAC Naming

Pent

# of carbons: 5

22

IUPAC Naming

Hex

# of carbons: 6

23

IUPAC Naming

Hept

# of carbons: 7

24

IUPAC Naming

Oct

# of carbons: 8

25

IUPAC Naming

Non

# of carbons: 9

26

IUPAC Naming

Dec

# of carbons: 10

27

IUPAC Naming

-yl indicates what?

A branch. 

28

Alkanes contain only ________ covalent bonds, are _______ molecules, and are attracted to one another by London forces. 

Nonpolar

 

Nonpolar

29

A branch can only attach to middle carbons. Why?

If it attached on the end carbon it wouldn't be a branch, it would be part of a chain of carbons. 

30

Alkanes are compounds with _____ bonds.

Single

31

Constitutional isomers always have a different ______ from one another. 

Name

32

Naming constitutional isomers

Hexane

33

Naming constitutional isomers

2-Methylpentane

34

Naming constitutional isomers

3-Methylpentane

35

Naming constitutional isomers

2,2- Dimethylbutane

36

Naming constitutional isomers

2,3-Dimethylbutane

 

 

 

(no cis or trans because freedom of rotation)

37

Cyclo- indicates what? 

That the carbon chain is in a circle. 

38

______ and _____ cause restricted rotation.

Double bonds

 

Rings

39

_________ allows for freedom of rotation.

Single Bonds

40

Geometrical Isomers come in pairs, one is _____ and one is _____.

Cis

Trans

41

Naming Geometric Isomerism-(Stereoisomers)

cis-2-Butane

42

Which two hydrocarbons can exist as geometric isomers and why? 

Alkenes and Aromatic compounds

 

They do not allow freedom of rotation and will allow for geometric isomers. (cis & trans)

43

Functional Groups:

-OH is found in ______.

Alcohol

44

Functional Groups:

All alcohols contain a ________ functional group that is attached to an alkane-type carbon atom.

Hydroxyl (-OH)

45

Functional Groups:

Carboxylic acids contain a carbobxyl functional group, which is the combination of a _________ group and a _______ group.

Hydroxyl (-OH) group

 

Carbonyl (C=O) group

46

Functional Groups:

What type of functional group is this? 

Carboxylic 

O=C - O-H

47

Functional Groups:

Which type of functional group is this?

Alcohol