Flashcards in Ch. 43: Psychosocial issues of infants, children, and adolescents-FTT Deck (20):
What is FTT?
Inadequate growth resulting from the inability to obtain or use calories required for growth
FTT is usually described in an infant or child who falls below the ____ percentile for weight (and possibly for height) or who has persistent weight loss
What are some reasons for FTT?
-Inadequate caloric intake
What are some organic causes of FTT?
-Chronic renal failure
-Congenital heart disease
What are some non-organic causes of FTT?
-Lack of parenting knowledge
-Disturbed maternal-child attachment
-Health or childrearing beliefs
-Insufficient breast milk
Less than ____ on growth chart for weight
What does infant look like?
Is child afraid of strangers?
No fear of strangers
Do FTT children smile a lot?
What is activity like of FTT child?
Decreased activity level
Any developmental delays with FTT children?
What kind of gaze do FTT children have?
What type of body do FTT children have?
Stiff or flaccid
Nursing care: provide ____ formula as prescribed for FTT infants. Provide ______ for children.
24kcal/oz for infants
High calorie milk supplements for children
What are some multivitamin supplements that can be given?
Zinc and iron
Limit juice to ___ in FTT children
Teach parents how to ____. What else can we do to ensure this.
Mix formula properly; provide step by step written instructions
Encourage parents to:
1. Maintain ____ and ____ during feedings
2. ___ to infant while feeding
3. ___ infant frequently
4. Keep environment ___ and avoid _____
5. Be persistent, remaining calm during ____ of food refusal
6. Introduce new foods _____
7. Never ____ infant to eat
1. Eye contact and face-to-face posture
4. Quiet and avoid distractions
5. 10-15 min of refusal
7. Never FORCE infant to eat!
What happens if infant/child is considered to have "extreme malnourishment"?
Prepare client and parents for tube feedings or IV therpy