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Flashcards in Ch 9 Deck (177):
1

Beer (2)

Bia
Pombe

2

Salt

Chumvi

3

Glass/es

Glasi

4

Bean/s

Haragwe/maharagwe

5

Corn (Mostly used in the plural)

Hindi/mahindi

6

Juice

Juisi

7

Sour

-kali

8

Spoon/s

Kijiko/vijiko

9

Cup/s

Kikombe/vikombe

10

Can/s, tin/s

Kikopo/vikopo

11

Drink/s, beverage/s

Kinywaji/vinywaji

12

Piece/s

Kipande/vipande

13

Knife/ves

Kisu/visu

14

Cucumber/s

Kitango/vitango

15

Garlic/pieces of garlic

Kitunguu thomu/vitunguu thomu

16

Onion/s

Kitunguu/vitunguu

17

Thirst

Kiu

18

Spice/s

Kiungo/viungo

19

To watch

Kuangalia

20

To boil

Kuchemsha

21

To roast

Kuchoma

22

To carry, to take, to hold, to keep

Kuchukua

23

To call

Kuita

24

To know

Kujua

25

To fry

Kukaanga

26

Chicken

Kuku

27

There is, there are

Kuna

28

To bake

Kuoka

29

To ask

Kuomba

30

To give

Kupa

31

To cook

Kupika

32

To return

Kurudi

33

To help

Kusaidia

34

To wait, to be patient

Kusubiri

35

To want

Kutaka

36

Potato/es (2)

Kiazi/viazi
Mbatata

37

Vegetables

Mbogamboga

38

Spinach

Mchicha

39

Restaurant/s

Mkahawa/mikahawa

40

Bread/s

Mkate/mikate

41

Arm/s, hand/s

Mkono/mikono

42

Customer/s

Mteja/wateja

43

Cassava/s

Muhogo/mihogo

44

Wine

Mvinyo

45

Coconut/s

Nazi

46

Banana/s

Ndizi

47

Napkin (2)

Nepkini
Sarvieti

48

Hunger

Njaa

49

Half

Nusu

50

Meat

Nyama

51

Beef

Nyama ya ng'ombe

52

Pork

Nyama ya nguruwe

53

There (over there)

Pale

54

Spice, pepper, chili

Pilipili

55

Black pepper

Pilipili manga

56

Plate/s

Sahani

57

Salad

Saladi

58

Fruit salad

Saladi ya matunda

59

Butter

Siagi

60

Soda

Soda

61

Sugar

Sukari

62

Soup

Supu

63

Sweet

-tamu

64

Ginger

Tangawizi

65

Apple/s

Tufaa/matufaa

66

Fruit/s

Tunda/matunda

67

Tomato/es (2)

Nyanya
(Tungule)

68

Fork/s

Uma/nyuma

69

Flour

Unga

70

Rice

Wali

71

Delicious

-zuri

72

A table for two, please

Tunaomba meza ya watu wawili, tafadhali

(Niletee: bring me/please bring me. Subjunctive (command) of kuleta: bring)

73

The menu, please

Niletee orodha ya chakula, tafadhali

(Niletee: bring me/please bring me. Subjunctive (command) of kuleta: bring)

74

The wine list, please

Niletee orodha ya mvinyo, tafadhali

(Niletee: bring me/please bring me. Subjunctive (command) of kuleta: bring)

75

What sort of food do you have?

Kuna chakula gani?

76

Do you have vegetarian dishes?

Una chakula cha mboga mboga?
(Mboga: Vegetable)

77

Can i have plain rice?

Naomba wali mweupe?

(Naomba, abbreviated ninaomba from kuomba: to ask (for))

78

I'm very hungry

Nina njaa sana

79

I'm very thirsty

Nina kiu sana

80

I would like something to drink

Ninataka kinywaji

81

Can i have a (really) cold soda?

Naomba soda baridi sana?

(Naomba, abbreviated ninaomba from kuomba: to ask (for))

82

Please bring me a fork and a knife

Tafadhali niletee uma na kisu

83

To bring

Kuleta

84

Please bring me the check (bill)

Niletee hesabu (bili) tafadhali

(Niletee: bring me/please bring me. Subjunctive (command) of kuleta: bring)

85

Is the tip included?

Bakshishi imo ndani?
(Bakshishi: Tip)

86

What can i do for you? (How can i help you?)

Nikusaidie nini?

87

Food price (list)/menu (2)

Bei za vyakula
Menyu
(Bei: Price, chareg)
(Vyakula (Chakula): Foods))

88

On the wall

Ukutani

89

Pilau ya kuku

Spiced cooked rice with chicken

90

Fried fish

Samaki wa kukaanga

91

Full plate

sahani nzima

92

Fish in pieces

Samaki wa kipande

93

Whole fish

Samaki mzima

94

No problem

Hamna tabu

95

Everything

Kila kitu

96

Right now

Hivi sasa

97

Naomba (Basi naomba wali mveupe...)

I ask for (shortened for ninaomba)

98

To chose, to select

Kuchagua

99

Nikuletee kinywaji gani?

Which drink would you like? ('I bring drink which?')

100

Anything else?

Hutaki kitu kingine? ('You don't want thing other?')

101

How much is (all) that?

Itakuwa bei gani kila kitu?
('It will be price which everything?')

102

Here you are (Giving money)

Hizi hapa pesa

103

Few, little, scarce

Chache
(Also adjective: -chache --> Baada ya dakika chache: After a few minutes ...)

104

Hamna

Is nothing, is empty

105

Nor/or
(Jane doesn't see any knife or fork)

Wala
(Jana anaona hamna kisu wala uma)

106

Eat by hand

Kula kwa mikono

107

Kwahivyo/kwahiyo

So, accordingly ...

108

Together

Pamoja

109

To give him/her

Kumpa

110

To give

Kupa

111

French fries

Chipsi

112

Malipo mwanzo

Pay in advance

113

Utensil/s

Chombo/vyombo

114

Can i pay? (Asked i.e. after a meal)

Naomba kulipa?
(Naomba is shortened form of ninaomba)

115

To tip (Tips restaurant)

Kutoa (To produce, offer...) bakshishi

116

Mshikaki/nyamachoma

Pieces of spicy meat roasted on a skwer
(Mshikaki/mishikaki: Kebab/s, shish)

117

The M-Mi class: Content and how to form

Mostly a mixed bag, many names of trees and plants
No names of people or animals

Formed with m- (the prefix changes to mw- before a vowel (mwembe, mwili, mwaka) in singular and mi- in plural, though there are a few exceptions (Muwa/miwa (Sugarcane/s), moyo/mioyo (heart/s), moto/mioto (Fire/s)).

118

Tree/s

Mti/miti

119

Banana plant/s

Mgomba/migomba

120

Sugar cane/s

Muwa/miawa

121

Coconut palm/s

Mnazi/minazi

122

Mango tree/s

Mwembe/miembe

123

Body/ies

Mwili/miili

124

Heart/s

Moyo/mioyo

125

Fire/s

Moto/mioto

126

Stew/s

Mchuzi/michuzi

127

Basket/s, bag/s

Mkoba/mikoba

128

Pocket/s

Mfuko/mifuko

129

M-Mi: Subject prefix

u- in singular
i- in plural

Mkahawa unauza mikate (The restaurant sells bread)
Mikahawa inauza mikate
Mti ulianguka (The tree fell down)
Miti ilianguka

130

M-Mi: Adjective prefixes

The same prefixes as on the noun itself

3 exceptions
1. m- --> mw- before a vowel
-Mfuko ni mweupe (The bag is white)

2. plural prefix mi- --> my- before -e
-Mitaa ni myembamba (The streets are narrow)

3. -i in mi- is dropped when the adjective starts with an -i
-Kuna miji mingi mwambao (There are many cities on the cost)

131

Part/s of town, neighborhood/s, suburb/s

Mtaa/mitaa

132

Thin, narrow

-embamba

133

Coastal area/s, coast/s, coast line/s

Mwambao/miambao

134

M-Mi: Possessive and 'of' prefix

W- for singular
Y- for plural

135

M-Mi: Express location with -ko, -po and -mo: Prefixes

u- for singular
i- for plural

-Mikoba yangu iko wapi? (Where are my bags?)
-Mtaa huu upo mjini (This street is in the town)
-Mchezo huu umo mawazoni (This play is in my mind)

136

M-Mi: Demonstrates
This, these
That, those

M-Mi: Demonstrates
This, these --> Huu, Hii
That, those --> Ule, Ile (First letter i)

-Huu ni mkono wangu (This is my hand)
-Mikate hii ni yake (These loaves of bread are his)
-Huu ni mto na ile ni milima (This is a river and those are mountains)
-Ile ni mikono na hii ni miguu (Those are hands and these are legs)

137

Pwani

Coast, shore
-Watu wa pwani (people of the coast)

138

Mkeka/jamvi

Floor mat (I.e. used for eating)

139

Tray

Sinia

140

Kwa kuwa

Because

141

Tribe/s, ethnic group/s

Kabila/makabila

142

Paper/s, newspaper/s

Gazeti/magazeti

143

Si

Not

144

Bag/s, luggage

Mzigo/mizigo

145

Wonder, amazing thing (Noun) + Amazing, astonishing (Adj)

Ajabu

146

Aina

Type, sort

147

To match, to be equal, to match, to be comparable

Kulingana

148

Herder/s

Mfugaji/wafugaji

149

To originate, to result from, to derive from, to be caused by

Kinatoka

150

True, truth/s

Kweli
(Can also be used as adverb: true, honestly, really)

151

Guest/s, stranger/s, foreigner/s

Mgeni/wageni

152

Mara nyingi

Often, frequently

153

Maana

Reason, intent, purpose, cause

154

Broad, wide

-pana

155

To signify, to denote, to mean

Kumaanisha

156

Wealthy person/s

Kizito/vizito
-Can also be used as adjective --> Hawali chakula kizito asubuhi (They don't eat heavy/rich meals in the morning)

157

Maandazi/mahamuri

Doughnut-like buns with cardamom seeds

158

Potato/es (2)

Mbatata

Kiazi/viazi (Also mean sweet potato/es)

159

Muhogo/mihogo

Cassava root/s

160

Unripe, raw, uncooked

-bichi
-Ndizi mbichi - Raw/green banana

161

Corn/s, maize

Hindi/mahindi

162

Plaintain

Ndizi mbichi

163

Chakula cha kiporo

Leftover food

164

Side dishe/s

Kitoweo/vitoweo

165

Porridge (grøt)

Uji

166

To put, to place, to set

Kuweka

167

Mtama/mitama, uwele

Sorghum plant / Millet plant (Type of grain found in Africa and Australia)

168

Wheat flour

Unga wa ngano

169

Polenta, stiff porridge

Ugali
(Polenta: Både en rett og en råvare som er laget av mais)

170

Elsewhere

Kwingine

171

Githeri

Corn and beef stwe

172

Wali

Dish of cooked rice

173

By some people

Kwa baadhi ya watu

174

Kutumia

To use, to utilize, to apply

175

To sell

Kuuza

176

According to

Mujibu
-Wao huuza chakula kwa mujibu wa wakati - They usually sell food according to the time of day

177

To happen
What happened?

Kutokea
Nini kimetokea?