Champagne and Sparkling wine Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Champagne and Sparkling wine Review Deck (35):
1

what are the key grape varieties used to make champagne

Pinot Meunier
PN
Chard

2

t or f
for the most part the soil in champagne is chalky

T

3

what step in champagne process determines the sweetness level of the final product

the dosage determines the final sweetness level

4

what is the liqueur de tirage

a mixture of wine sugar and yeast added to the cuvee to start the second fermentation in the bottle.

5

T or F
non vintage champagne ma not be sold until 15 months after bottling and vintage champagne may not be sold until 3 years after the harvest

T

6

T or F
most all riddling is now done by gyroalette

T

7

T or F
champagne laveled blanc de blanc is made exclusively for white grapes

T

8

t or f
what are the two principal cities/town of champagne

Riems
Epernay

9

What are the three key production areas of champagne

montage de reims
marne vally
cote des blancs

10

whats the least expensive way to make a sparkling wine

carneros

11

what method is used to make the best quality sparkling wines

traditional method or methode champenoise

12

what is dom perignon famous for pioneering

the blending of numerous lots of wine and or the use of cork stoppers

13

the climate of champagne is similar to what region of northern California that is famous for the production of sparkling wine grapes

carneros

14

what are teh two red grapes used in the production of champagne

Pinot meunier
Pinot Noir

15

what is a blanc de blancs

champagne made just from chardonnay grapes

16

what is the most important step in making non vintage champagne

blending or assemblage

17

how is rose champagne made

rose champagne is made by adding a small amount of red wine to the cuvee

18

are vintage champagnes made every year

no only in the best years

19

what is the liqueur de tirage made of and when is it added to the blended wine

teh liqueur de tirage is made of wine, sugar and yeast and is added to the cuvee to instigate the second fermentation

20

for a sparkling wine made in the traditional method, where does the second fermentation take place

for champagne and sparkling wine made in the traditional method the second fermentation takes place in the bottle.

21

what does the riddling process achieve

riddling settles the sediment in the neck of the bottle preparing it for disgorgement

22

how are many champagne house now riddling their wines

most riddling is now done with gyroalettes

23

what is disgorgement or degorgement

disgorgement is the expulsion of the sediment left in the neck of the bottle after the second fermentation and riddling

24

what is the dosage and when is it added

the dosage is a combination of wine and sugar that is added to the sparkling wine before final corking

25

t or f
the liqueur de tirage determines the type of champagne produced

F the dosage determines the type

26

t or f
a demi sec champagne is half as dry as sec champagne

f

27

t or f
a magnum is the equivalent of three regular size bottles

f

28

what is the name of spanish wines made in the traditional method

cava

29

place the following steps of traditional method in the correct order dosage, pressing , second fermentation, first fermentation, degorgement, blending, riddling, liqueur de tirage

pressing
first fermentation
blending
liqueur de tirage
second fermentation
riddling
degorgement
dosage

30

why was the transfer method developed

to circumvent the problems and exprense of riddling and degorgement

31

what is another name for the tank method

bulk process or charmat process

32

is asti a doc or a docg wine

docg since 1994

33

the alcohol level of asti is usually between what percent

7-9%

34

the german word for sparkling wine is

sekt

35

a wine labeled as fermented in the bottle wold be made by which method

transfer method