Flashcards in France Deck (119)
What is the largest appellation in Bordeaux? What area does it cover and what type of wines are allowed
Bordeaux AOC. it covers the entire region and allows red, sweet and dry white, rose, and sparkling wines.
What AOC covers the same area as bordeaux but has slightly tighter restrictions
Bordeaux Superieur. It can be used for reds and sweet whites
What are teh Bordeaux appellations on the left Bank Medoc?
Haut Medoc (red)
What are the Bordeaux appellations on the left bank Graves
Graves (red and White)
Graves Superieures (sweet white)
Pessac-Leognan (red, white)
Barsac (sweet white)
Sauternes (sweet white)
What is the regional AOC in Bordeaux that only allows sparkling wine
Cremant de Bordeaux
What are the bordeaux appellations in Entre-Deaux-Mers?
Bordeaux-Haut-Benague (sweet white),
Cadillac (sweet white),
Cotes de Bordeaux-St.-Macaire (sweet white), Entre-Deux-Mers-Haut-Benauge (sweet white), Graves-de-Vayres (r/sweet white),
Loupiac (sweet white),
Ste.-Croix-du-Mont (sweet white),
Ste.-Foy-Bordeaux (r/sweet white)
What are the Bordeaux Appellations on the Right Bank - Libourne?
St.-Emilion Grand Cru (r),
St.-Georges-St. Emilion (r)
What are the Bordeaux Appellations on the Right Bank - Cotes?
Cotes de Bordeaux (r,w,sweet white), Cotes de Bourg (r/w)
What are the 5 First Growths according to the Bordeaux Classification of 1855? Which was moved in 1973 from 2nd to 1st growth?
Ch. Haut-Brion (Pessac, Graves), Ch. Lafite-Rothschild (Paulliac), Ch. Lator (Pauilc), Ch. Margaux (Margaux), Ch. Mouton-Rothschild (Pauillac)**this was the one that was elevated
2 of the 15 producers with premier grand cru classe status are considered superior to the others and granted "A" category. Which 2 are these?
Ch. Ausone and Ch. Cheval Blanc
Who is eligible for premier grand cru classe status?
Only producers in the St.-Emilion Grand Cru AOC
Which appellations can market their methode traditionelle sparkling wines under the Fines Bulles trademark?
Anjou Mousseux, Cremant de Loire, Montlouis-sur-Loire, Samur Brut, Touraine Mousseux, and Vouvrey. (Fines Bulles "fine bubbles" are a specialty of the Central Loire)
What appellation covers the entire region of the Loire Valley?
Vin de Pays du Val de Loire (PGI level)
4 AOCs in the Pays Nantais are all called what?
Muscadet. The largest being Muscadet de Sevre-et-Maine
What are 2 regional rose appellations in the Anjou?
Rose d'Anjou (usually mostly Grolleau), Cabernet d'Anjou (restricted to the two cabs, both somewhat sweet)
Where are dry roses likely to come from in the Loire Valley?
Rose de Loire appellation (located in the Anjou and Touraine)
What is the primary sweet wine area of Anjou and what are the two better known subregions?
Coteaux du Layon AOC, subregions being Bonnexaux and Quarts-de-Chaume. All three use 100% Chenin Blanc and produce long-lived dessert wines thanks to botrytis
What is the Anjou's premier dry white wine appellation? What type of grapes are used?
Savennieres 100% Chenin Blanc
What is the Saumur AOC known for?
What is the main sparkling wine appellation in the Saumur area?
Saumur Brut (may also be seen as Saumur Mousseux or simply Saumur)
What is Cremant de Loire?
A sparkling wine that can come from anywhere in Anjou or Touraine.
What regions in the Loire Valley are renowned for excellent red wines (usually at least 90% Cab Franc)?
Saumur-Champigny (red only appellation in Anjou), Bourgueil and Chinon (both in Touraine).
What appellation uses 100% Chenin Blanc and makes wines ranging in style from dry to sweet?
Which two appellations make mousseux and petillant (both are sparkling) wines?
Vouvray and Montlouis-sur-Loire
What are two regional appellations for Touraine? What do they produce?
Touraine AOC for red, white, and rose. Touraine Mousseux for sparkling wines.
What are AC Touraine white and red wines typically made from?
Whites are typically 100% Sauvignon Blanc, and the reds are as likely Gamay or Pinot Noir as Cabernet.
What grapes are the wines in the Cheverny AOC primarily made from?
Sauvignon Blanc and Gamay
What are two appellations famous in the Loire Valley for their classic, 100% Sauvignon Blanc wines?
Sancerre on the west bank and Pouilly-Fume across the river on the east bank.
How does Pouilly-Fume differ from Pouilly-Fuisse?
Pouilly-Fume is on the east bank of the Loire Valley and made from 100% Sav Blanc. Pouilly-Fuisse is from the Maconnais area of Burgundy and made from 100% Chardonnay.