Chap 10 (exam 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 10 (exam 2) Deck (27):
1

Any drug that binds to a receptor and causes a response has ______ properties

Agonist

2

Mrs. M had breast reduction surgery yesterday and is complaining of pain around her incisions. Mrs. M is experiencing ____ pain.

Acute

3

Mrs. G is experiencing pain and itching due to a severe case of poison ivy on the skin of her arms and legs. She is experiencing ____ pain.

Superficial

4

Mr. E paces the floor all night, holding his side. The pain is so severe that he is nauseated. His wife brings him to the emergency department, where it is quickly discovered that Mr. E has a kidney stone. The type of pain he has been experiencing is ____ pain.

Visceral

5

Mr. D's drug binds to a receptor, but the drug prevents, or blocks, a response. He is taking a drug with ___ properties.

Antagonist

6

When a second drug is given with a primary analgesic to enhance the analgesic effect, the second drug is being used as an ____ drug

Adjuvant

7

Mr. P is receiving an opioid around the clock for late-stage cancer pain. Lately, he has found that the pain medication is not working as well as it did a week ago. This is an example of opioid _____.

Tolerance

8

The level of stimulus needed to produce a painful sensation is referred to as the pain ______.

Threshold

9

Mr. J twisted his ankle in a friendly basketball game with his peers after work. His wife brings him to the urgent care center several hours later because of the pain. Mr. J is probably experiencing ____ pain.

Somatic

10

Mrs. H has experienced back pain "for years". She says that it is worse in the late afternoon and at night but that "really, even when it lessens somewhat, it is there all the time in some form." Mrs. H is experiencing ___ pain.

Chronic

11

Mr. R is brought to the emergency department in severe pain. The emergency department team recognizes the need to immediately bring the pain under some control. After assessing that it is not contraindicated, the attending physician initiates administration of a very strong pain reliever. This is no doubt a(n) ___ analgesic.

Opioid

12

This word is often used interchangeably with the term opioid.

Opiate

13

Ms. T is taking a drug that binds to part of a receptor and causes effects that are not as strong as those of a pure agonist. She is taking a(n) ______ agonist.

Partial

14

During a marathon, a runner had to drop out after 16 miles because of severe muscle spasms. Which type of pain is the runner experiencing?
Chronic pain
Somatic pain
Visceral pain
Superficial pain

Somatic Pain

15

A young man has been taken to the emergency department because of a suspected overdose of morphine tablets. The nurse prepares to administer which drug?
Atropine
Meperedine (Demerol)
Flumazenil (romazicon)
Noloxone (Narcan)

Naloxone (Narcan)

16

An anticonvulsant drug has been ordered as part of a patient's pain management program. The nurse explains to the patient that the purpose of the anticonvulsant is to:
Produce sleep
Prevent seizures
Relieve neuropathic pain
Reduce anxiety

Relieve neuropathic pain

17

Moderate to severe pain is best treated with which of these medications?
Acetaminophen (tylenol)
Naloxone (Narcan)
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Fentanyl (Duragesic)

Fentanyl (Duragesic)

18

The nurse is preparing to administer an opioid analgesic. Which factors should be assessed before the dose is given? Select all that apply:
Blood clotting times
The level of pain rated on a scale
Prior analgesic use (time, type, amount, effectiveness)
Dietary history
Allergies

The level of pain rated on a scale
Prior analgesic use
Allergies

19

Acute Pain

Pain that is sudden and usually subsides when treated

20

Chronic Pain

Persistent or recurring pain that is often difficult to treat

21

Somatic Pain

Pain that originates from the skeletal muscles, ligaments, or joints

22

Visceral Pain

Pain that originates form the organs or smooth muscles

23

Superficial Pain

Pain that originates from the skin or mucous membranes

24

Vascular Pain

Pain that is thought to account for most migraine headaches

25

Neuropathic Pain

Pain that results form injury or damage to the peripheral nerve fibers

26

Phantom Pain

Pain that relates to a body part that has been removed

27

Central Pain

Pain that occurs with tumors, trauma, or inflammation of the brain