Chap 22 (exam 3) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 22 (exam 3) Deck (12):
1

High blood pressure associated with renal, pulmonary, endocrine, and vascular diseases is known as _____ hypertension.

Secondary

2

Terms for elevated systemic arterial pressure for which no cause can be found is known as ______ hypertension

Essential, Primary, Idiopathic

3

A common adverse effect of adrenergic drugs involving a sudden drop in blood pressure when patients change position is known as _________ hypotension

Orthostatic

4

These drugs are used in the management of hypertensive emergencies

Vasodilators

5

The primary effect of these drugs is to decrease plasma and extracellular fluid volumes

Diuretics

6

Drugs that are often used as first-line drugs in the treatment of both heart failure and hypertension are known by the acronym ______ inhibitors

ACE inhibitors

7

A 46-year-old man has been taking clonidine for 5 months. For the last 2 months, his blood pressure has been normal. During this office visit, he tells the nurse that he would like to stop taking the drug. What is the nurse’s best response?
“I’m sure your doctor will stop it-your blood pressure is normal now”
“Your doctor will probably have you stop taking the drug for a month, and then we’ll see how you do”
“This drug should not be stopped suddenly; let’s talk to your doctor”
“It’s likely that you can stop the drug if you exercise and avoid salty foods”

“This drug should not be stopped suddenly; let’s talk to your doctor”

8

When administering angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, the nurse keeps in mind that which are possible adverse effects? Select all that apply:
Diarrhea
Fatigue
Restlessness
Headaches
A dry cough
Tremors

Fatigue
Headaches
A dry cough

9

A patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus has developed hypertension. What is the blood pressure goal for this patient
Less than 110/80 mm Hg
Less than 130/80 mm Hg
Less than 130/84 mm Hg
Less than 140/90 mm Hg

Less than 130/80 mm Hg

10

A patient is bring treated for hypertensive emergency. The nurse expects which drug to be used?
Sodium Nitroprusside (Nitropress)
Losartan (Cozaar)
Captopril (Capoten)
Prazosin (Minipress)

Sodium Nitroprusside (Nitropress)

11

A patient in her eighth month of pregnancy has preeclampsia. Her blood pressure is 210/100 mm Hg this morning. This type of hypertension is classified as which of the following?
Primary
Idiopathic
Essential
Secondary

Secondary

12

A beta1 blocker is prescribed for a patient with heart failure and hypertension. Which adverse effects, if present, may indicate a serious problem is developing while the patient is on this medication? Select all that apply:
Edema
Nightmares
Shortness of Breath
Nervousness
Constipation

Edema
Shortness of Breath