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Flashcards in Chapter 1-3 Deck (143):
1

Thaddeus Lowe 1861

transmit telegraph from a balloon

2

Baldwin 1896

Owner of the balloon Santiago

3

Wright brothers flight

1903

4

In 1906 Lieut. Frank P. Lahm and Maj. Henry P Hersey did what

first international balloon race

5

Burge

1912 first enlisted pilot

6

Selfridge

Died in wright bro crash

7

2 aug 1909 signal Corps

formally accept airplane number one

8

Who invented the Wheeled landing system

Burge & Madole

9

Scott

1912 is the first enlisted person to die in an aircraft flying incident

10

28 September 1912 Cpl. Frank Scott

become the first enlisted person to die in an aircraft crash

11

Army aviation official

18 Jul 1914

12

order the first Aero squadron to apprehend poncho Villa

March 1916 Pres. Woodrow Wilson

13

father of flight

William C Ocker

14

reserved the cockpit for the commissioned

flight officer act or public law 658 of 1942

15

During 35 minute battle who remarked he aged 10 years as he help drive off two dozen German playing shooting down two

Sgt. Fred C Graveline

16

tests the first backpack style freefall parachute

Sgt. Ralph Bottriell

17

made up the three men on a flying trapeze.

McDonald
Williamson
Lieut. Hansell
Capt. Claire Chennault

18

last enlisted pilot

MSgt Holmes

19

Johnny zero

John D Foley

20

When was the woman's Army auxiliary Corps created

May 1942

21

lost their life in a raid against the Nazi oil refinery

Sgt. Sandy Sanchez

22

landed their L5 on empty beach where earlier that day they had noticed the words US Ranger scrawled in the sand

Staff Sgt. James Nichols

23

in 1967 Paul Airey

Who became the first chief Master Sgt. of the Air Force

24

On 6 August 1945 which aircraft dropped a nuclear bomb on Hiroshima

The Enola Gay

25

Which city did the second aircraft Bock's Car drop their nuclear bomb on

Nagasaki

26

On 1 May 1943 Sgt. Maynard "snuffy" Harrison Smith

B-17 tail gunner was first enlisted man to be awarded the medal of honor

27

Radio operator who repaired damage radios By feel

TSgt. Forrest L. Vosler

28

Gunner who recovered aircraft flew back to England parachuted all the occupants and then died

1944 Staff Sgt Archibald Mathies

29

Threw flare out copilots window

Erwin 1945

30

On July 26, 1947 what did Pres. Harry Truman approve Which created national military establishment including departments of Army Navy and Air Force

The national security act of 1947

31

On 8 July 1948 Who was the first woman in the Air Force

Esther Blake

32

When was the Berlin airlift

1948 to 1949

33

When was the Korean War

1950 to 1953

34

What did staff Sgt. Nyle S Mickley do on 27 June 1950

Shot down a North Korean Yak-3

35

What did Cpl. Harry LaVene Do on 9 November 1950

Scored the first B-29 victory over jet by downing a Mig-15

36

What did Sgt. Billie Beach do on 12 April 1951

Shut down to MiGs with his B-29

37

When was the Cuban missile crisis

1962

38

What happened on 27 October 1961 to Maj. Rudolf Anderson

His U2 was shot down by Cuban air defensive

39

When was the war on Southeast Asia

1950 to 1975

40

What did the Vietcong attack on Camp Holloway 7 February 1965 inspire the president to do

Initiate operation flaming dart

41

Which campaign increased airstrikes against targets in northern Vietnam on 2 March

Rolling thunder

42

Shot down in enemy MiG with his B-52

Sgt. Samuel Turner 1972

43

The fifth overall MiG- 21 killed during linebacker II

A1C Moore

44

Threw a flare outside the aircraft then leaned outside the aircraft to cut Rizers free 1966

Sgt. Parnell Fisher

45

Fell on a flare that was rolling around on the floor of his aircraft And threw it outside 1969

John Levitow

46

What did staff Sgt. William Piazza receive the Silverstar for doing in 1968

Helping defend Bien Hoa during North Vietnamese Tet Offensive

47

Rode his helicopter hoist down to help care for and Evacuate multiple victims during a firefight 1966

A1C William Pitsenbarger

48

51 combat rescues during the Vietnam conflict

Sgt. Steve Northern

49

As a radar superintendent who defended his position after all Others were dead 1968

Richard L Etchberger

50

What was the operation caledl that president Nixon ordered in 1972 which ended up in 11 days of intensive bombing over Vietnamese cities

Linebacker II

51

What did Chief Master Sgt. Wayne Fisk do in May 1975

Member of assault force that saved the hijacked USS Mayaquez

52

What was done during operation chow hound in 1945

B-17 delivered food to hungry people in the Netherlands

53

Was done in operation Safehaven one and two in 1956 and 1957

Over 10,000 Hungarian refugees were airlifted to the United States

54

What happened during the amigos airlift in May 1960

After volcanic eruptions avalanches and title waves ripped through southern Chile The US airlifted thousand tons of material in the stricken area

55

Close accomplished in the 1975 operations named baby lift, New life, frequent wind, and new arrivals

50,000 refugees were transported from Cambodia and South Vietnam To the U.s.

56

What was accomplished during the 1991 operation provide comfort

More than 7000 tons of blankets tents food and more were delivered to displaced Kurds

57

What was accomplished in the 1991 operation Sea angel

The Air Force airlifted 3000 tons of supplies to Bangladesh following a Typhoon

58

What was accomplished during operation provide hope in 1992 1993

6000 tons of food medicine and other cargo were delivered to the republics of the former Soviet Union

59

What did Charles H Tisby Do during operation urgent fury Grenada in October 1983

Save the life of an unidentified paratrooper who fell out of his C-130 during a sharp bank

60

What happened in operation urgent fury Grenada 1983

Ronald Ragan authorized massive assault to regain hundreds of medical students taken prisoner

61

What was Eldorado Canyon Libya 1986

Reagan ordered airstrikes against Libya thinking it was harboring terrorists we also lost an F111

62

Largest nighttime airborne operation since World War II to take out Noriega

Just Cause Panama 1989

63

What was operation provide comfort 3 April 1991

Humanitarian relief effort for the Iraqi Kurds

64

In 1996 after Phase II of op provide comfort ended what did Quick Transit I, II, and III accomplish?

Airlifted displaced Kurds to Turkey

65

In 1996 what happened in operation Pacific Haven

7,000 of the Kurdish refugees from Quick Transit went to Guam for settlement in the US

66

As part of operation Southern watch on 27 December 1992 what happened

Two F-16 shot down one MiG-25 and chased a second aircraft back across the border

67

What was bombed in 1996 at Dharan airbase

Khobar towers

68

What did operation provide relief in August 1992 do

Effort to relieve suffering of refugees near the Kenya Somalia border and then to Somalia itself

69

In September 1992 what was operation impressive lift

United States airlifted hundreds of Pakistani soldiers into Somalia under the UN banner

70

On 4 December 92 what did operation restore hope do

Marines took control of airports in Mogadishu and Somalia to allow flights to resume

71

What happened on three and 4 October 1992 that prompted operation restore hope II

Black Hawk down which caused the air lifting of 1700 US troops and 3100 tons of cargo into Mogadishu between five and 13 October 1993

72

What was operation uphold democracy Haiti 8 September 1994

Insertion of multinational peacekeeping force

73

What was operation provide promise 1992 to 1996

5400 tons of food and medical supplies delivered to Sarajevo

74

What was operation provide Santa 1993

A secondary mission to provide promise flying toys and children's clothes and shoes into Sarajevo

75

What was operation deny flight Bosnia 93 to 95

Implemented a no fly zone over Bosnia

76

What was operation deliberate force

Response to Bosnian Serbs taking 370 soldiers hostage continued bombing until resolution

77

What was operation Allied force Kosovo 99

In an attempt to prevent ethnic cleansing as that which took place in Bosnia and convince Melosavic to stop

78

What was operation Anaconda 4 March 2002

Roberts Ridge where Navy SEALs fell out of a helicopter

79

What did Senior airman Jason D Cunningham do on 4 March 2002

Despite mortal wounds he saved 10 people and made it possible for seven others who were killed to come home

80

What did technical Sgt. John A Chapman do on 10 January 2003

Volunteered to rescue captured team member from Roberts Ridge exchanged fire from minimum personnel cover and succumbed Multiple wounds was able to destroy first enemy position and Advance on second enabling team to break enemy contact

81

What did staff Sgt. Scott Sather do on 8 April 2003

A combat controller was first airman killed an operation Iraq he freedom

82

What happened to A1C Elizabeth Jacobson on 20 September 2005

Was first security forces airman who died during operation Iraqi freedom

83

What did Senior airman Zachary J Rhyner do on 10 March 2009

Positioned himself in Afghanistan between combatants and his team took three Shots to the chest and was trapped on a 60 foot cliff under constant enemy fire while he repelled enemy with airstrikes

84

Who is the head of the executive branch

The Pres.

85

Who is the civilian head of the DOD

Secretary of defense

86

How many undersecretaries of defense are there

Five

87

Who provides the Strategic direction of the Armed Forces

Joint Chiefs of Staff

88

Who deploys directs controls and coordinates the action of the commands forces, conducts joint training exercises, and control certain support functions

The combatant commander

89

What type of commands consist of forces for more than one allied

Combined commands

90

Who is responsible for providing efficiently organized, trained, and equipped ready forces to the combatant commanders

The service secretaries

91

The Secretary of Defense and Joint Chiefs of Staff established the functions of each branch of the Armed Forces during

the Key West agreement of 1948

92

Who is the head of the department of the Air Force and is subject to the authority, control, and direction of the secretary of defense

The secretary of the Air Force

93

Who presides over the air staff, And is subject to the authority, direction, and control of the secretary of the Air Force

The Chief of Staff of the Air Force

94

Who supervises each of the 54th National Guard organizations

The adjutant general of the state or territory

95

The Chief of Staff, Vice Chief of Staff, Deputy Chief of Staff, assistant Chief of Staff, Surgeon General of the Air Force, Judge Advocate Gen. of the Air Force, Chief of Staff of the Air Force reserve all make up what?

The air staff

96

What are the three department of the Air Force field units

MAJCOMs, field operating agencies, and direct reporting unit

97

How are the Air Force MAJCOMs organized in United States and how are they organized overseas

Functionally in the US and geographically overseas

98

What are two examples of field operating agencies

Air Force personnel center and OSI

99

What are two examples of direct reporting units

Air Force District of Washington and U.S. Air Force Academy

100

Which wing performs a support function rather than an operational mission

The air base wing

101

Which wing usually does not have any aircraft or missiles assigned

Specialized mission wing

102

What level in the Air Force is a tactical echelon

The group

103

The basic unit in the Air Force is which level

Squadron

104

What is the lowest level of organization in the Air Force

The numbered or named flight

105

Which flight is not subject to unit reporting

The Alpha flight

106

Which flight is usually part of the squadron and composed of elements

Functional flight

107

What is the Air Force's premier statement of our beliefes, the cornerstone upon which our service identity is based, and the source from which our doctrine flows

AFDD 1, Air Force basic doctrine

108

A statement of officially sanctioned beliefs, war fighting principles, and terminology that describes and guides the proper use of air, space, and cyberspace power in military operations

Air Force doctrine

109

Air Force doctrine does not explicitly tie what to specific test

Specific weapon systems

110

What describes more detailed organization of forces and applies the principles of basic doctrine to military actions

AFDD 2 operational doctrine

111

These describe the proper employment of specific US force assets, individually or in concert with other assets, to accomplish detailed objectives

TTP3 Series manuals, Tactical doctrine

112

What is the first mission of an Air Force

To neutralize enemy Air Forces so friendly operations on land, sea, in the air, and in space can proceed unhindered

113

Which dimension this airpower dominate

The fourth dimension, time

114

Following are all: Unity of command, objective, offensive, mass, maneuver, economy of force, security, surprise, simplicity

Principles of war

115

Which principle of war Ensures concentration of effort for every objective under one responsible commander

Unity of command

116

Which principle of war is concerned with directing military operations toward a defined and attainable objective that contributes to the strategic, operational, and tactical aims

Objective

117

Which principle of war holds that political and military goals should be complimentary and clearly articulated

Objective

118

Which principle of war is to seize, retain, and exploit the initiative

Offensive

119

Which principle of war concentrates the effects of combat power at the most advantageous place and time to achieve decisive results

Mass

120

Which principle of war places the enemy in a position of disadvantage through flexible application of combat power in a multidimensional combat space

Maneuver

121

Which principle of war is the judicious employment and distribution of forces with purpose to allocate minimum essential resources to secondary efforts

Economy of force

122

Which principle of war is never to permit the enemy to acquire unexpected advantage

Security

123

Where is airpower most vulnerable

On the ground

124

Which principle of war leverages the security principle by attacking enemy at a time, place, or in a manner for which they're not prepared

Surprise

125

Which principle of war calls for avoiding unnecessary complexity in organizing, preparing, planning, and conducting military operations

Simplicity

126

The following are: Centralize control and decentralized execution, flexibility and versatility, synergistic effects, persistence, concentration, priority, balance

The tenets of air, space, and cyberspace power

127

Which tenet provides theater wide or global focus while allowing operational flexibility to meet military objectives

Centralized control and decentralized execution

128

Which tenet allows airpower to exploit mass and maneuver simultaneously

Flexibility

129

Which tenet is the ability to employ airpower effectively at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels of warfare and provide a wide variety of tasks in concert with other joint force elements

Versatility

130

Which tenet has the objective to precisely coordinate application of various elements of air power to bring disproportionate pressure on enemy leaders to comply with our national will

Synergistic effects

131

Examples of this tenant are a continuous flow of material to peace time distressed areas; constantly monitoring adversaries to ensure they cannot conduct actions counter to those agreed-upon; ensuring that targets are kept continually out of commission; or ensuring that resources and facilities are denied an enemy or provided to an ally during a specified time

Persistence

132

Which tenet is based on providing an overwhelming power at the decisive time and place

Concentration

133

This tenet helps commanders establish clarity for the use of airpower

Priority

134

This tenet is an essential guideline for air component commanders. It is important because technology sophisticated air, space, and cyberspace assets will be available only in finite numbers.

Balance

135

What is an offensive action specifically selected to achieve national strategic objectives

Strategic attack

136

These two elements enable friendly use of contested airspace and disable the enemy's offensive air and missile capabilities

Offensive counterair defensive counterair

137

What involves those kinetic and nonkinetic operations conducted to attain and maintain the desired degree of space superiority

Counterspace

138

Defined as airpower operations against enemy land force capabilities to create affects the achieve joint force command objectives

Counterland

139

A form of joint maneuver that consists of operations to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemies surface military

Air interdiction

140

Who is usually the supported commander for air interdiction

JFACC

141

What includes the management process of planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations

Command-and-control C2

142

In 1861 John La Mountain

used balloon to report Confederate strength around Hampton Virginia

143

Navigation and positioning are key elements of

Information superiority