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Flashcards in NST Ch 1 Deck (122):
1

In 1967, first Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force was

Paul Airey

2

In 1988, the first Air Force POW medal was awarded to CMSgt

Paul Airey

3

On March 15, 1945, Sergeant Sandy Sanchez flew 44 missions as a gunner and gave his life in a raid against

Nazi Oil refinery

4

The United States Air Force came into being as a separate organization in September,

1947

5

In June 1948, _________ closed off all surface access to the city of Berlin.

The Soviet Union

6

During the Berlin airlift the expert in charge of the airlift operation was

Major General William Tunner

7

During the Berlin airlift there were this many flights into Berlin which flew 2,300,000 tons of supplies to 2.3 million people in the western sectors of Berlin

277,804

8

Fearing that an attempt to force a blockade of Berlin on the ground would precipitate World War III the allies Built an ____ bridge into Berlin

Air

9

One outcome of the Berlin blockade was

the beginning of the cold war between the US and Russia

10

During the Korean War who served as door gunners aboard the B-26 for the first several months of the conflict and B- 29 aircraft throughout the war?

Enlisted personnel

11

In 1959 the dictator of Cuba was overthrown by who

FiDel Castro

12

President Truman _____ authorize the CIA to plan an invasion of Cuba

Did not

13

In 1960 President Eisenhower _____ order an invasion of Cuba

Did not

14

Following failure of the US supported Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles in 1961. ______ increased economic and military aid to Cuba

Soviet Union

15

In October 1962 the US used SAC _____ Aircraft that photographed missile complexes under construction in Cuba

U-2's

16

On 27 October 1962 a U2 piloted by ________ was shot down by Cuban air defenses

Major Rudolph Anderson

17

The US agreed not to invade Cuba in exchange for Cubans removal of Soviet missiles, United States also secretly agreed to remove missiles from what country?

Turkey

18

The Cuban missile crisis brought the world dangerously close to a

Nuclear war

19

The first sustained bombing campaign of the war against North Vietnam was codenamed

Rolling thunder

20

In January 1969 shortly after taking office President Nixon announced an end to the

US combat in southeast Asia

21

In 1986 CMSgt _____ became the first director of the Air Force enlisted heritage Hall on Maxwell Air Force Base Gunter -Anex

Wayne Fisk

22

President GHW Bush announced the deployment of US air and ground units to defend Saudi Arabia and Persian golf state which happened within

18 hours

23

In 1992 civil unrest contributed to a famine in Somalia that killed how many people

350,000

24

In August 1992 to relieve the suffering of refugees near the Somalia border the United States initiated operation

Provide relief

25

Operation ____ brought 32,000 US troops into Somalia.

Restore hope

26

Between five and 13 October 1993, 1700 US troops and 3100 tons of cargo were airlifted into Mogadishu under operation

Restore hope II

27

It took 78 days and over ____ sorties in the air war over Serbia for NATO to secure it's objective

38,000

28

The name given to the operation which followed the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001 was operation

Noble eagle

29

After the September 11, 2001 attacks in the US, fighter aircraft began to fly combat air patrols _____ the attack

The same day as

30

The operation that followed noble eagle was

Enduring freedom

31

Enduring freedom planned to provide humanitarian airlift to the oppressed people of

Afghanistan

32

In September 2001, the ruling government in Afghanistan was the

Taliban

33

On October 7, 2001 US, British, and French aircraft began a sustained campaign against terrorist targets in

Afghanistan

34

The men and women who fought during operation anaconda called it the battle of

Robert's Ridge

35

In the year 2003, the Air Force across has been awarded to _____ posthumously enlisted recipients

Three

36

On 17 March 2003, President George W. Bush announced a ____ ultimatum for Saddam Hussein and his sons to leave Iraq or face conflict

48 hour

37

On 20 March 2003, a salvo of missiles and laser-guided bombs hit targets where coalition forces believed Saddam and his sons and other leaders gathered, which indicated that the war

Began

38

Operation Iraq he freedom officially began on 20 March 2003 and ended on

One May 2003

39

On 8 April 2003 the first airman killed in operation Iraq he freedom was

SSgt Scott Sather

40

On 1 September 1939 Adolf Hitler launched a massive assault on Poland that opened the greatest war in history and Spawned the term

Blitzkrieg and lightning war

41

To gain air superiority over Poland's capital, Warsaw, the German Air Force (Luftwaffe), employed Domier DO – 17 twin engine bomber and

Messerschmitt ME-109 fighters and HE-111 twin engine bombers

42

In August 1941 a doctrinal blueprint was created and known as air war planning document

Doctrine #1

43

On 7 December 1941 " a date which will live in infamy" imperial Japan dealt a devastating blow to the United States Pacific Fleet at

Pearl harbor

44

In February 1942 Brigadier General Ira C. Eaker established the

VIII Bomber Command

45

The 14 October 1943 the mission against Germany's Schweinfurt effectively ended the United States Army Air Force unescorted bombing campaign known as

Black Thursday

46

The north American aviation development that revolutionized the air war over Europe was the

P 51 Mustang

47

From 1942 to 1945 the combined bomber offensive was the longest bloodiest air campaign in

History

48

Franklin D Roosevelt's directed the army air corps to except black American into aviation training in what year

1941

49

The first Tuskegee airmen to fight against all black squadrons were members of the 99th fighter squadron commanded by who

Colonel Benjamin O Davis, Junior

50

On 18 April 1942, 16 North American B-52 medium bombers launched from the carrier USS hornet, on the bombing Mission led by Lieutenant Colonel James Jimmy Doolittle to bomb targets in the following cities

Tokyo, Nagoya, and Kobe

51

Allied soldiers, sailors, and marines pushed back the borders of the Japanese empire and sought to destroy Japan through strategic bombardment using the

XB-29

52

On 6 August 1945, Col Paul Tibbets piloted the Ebola Gay which dropped a uranium bomb, known as the "little boy" over which city

Hiroshima

53

On 9 Aug 1945, the B-29 Bockscar, commanded by Major Charles W. Sweeney, released a plutonium bomb called 'Fat Man' on which city

Nagasaki

54

On 26 Jul 1947, President Harry S. Truman signed into law the

National Security Act

55

The First Secretary of the AF officially established the USAF as an independent coequal service was accomplished on 18 September 1947 by

Stuart Symington

56

The AF officially change the names of the lower four ranks in

1952

57

The first Chief of Staff was General

Spaatz

58

The AF's first operational jet fighter was the Lockheed P-80, later redesigned as the

F-80

59

On 14 Oct 1947, Charles 'Chuck' Yeager seized headlines as the first man to break the sound barrier using his Bell

Bell X-1

60

The World's first all jet air battle on 8 Nov 1950 used the

F-80C

61

During the Korean War, the Air Rescue Service medically evacuated wounded soldiers totaling more than

9,600

62

During the Korean War, a new group of AF pilots entered the pantheon of

Fighter Aces

63

During the Korean War, the person that gained recognition as the 'worlds first jet ace' was Captian

James Jabara

64

The AF missile and space capabilities developed rapidly after the

Korean conflict

65

On 4 Oct 1957, the course of missile and satellite development changed when the Soviet Union successfully launched the satellite

Sputnik I

66

In 1960, the National Reconnaissance Office was formed to take charge of highly classified

Reconnaissance satellites

67

In December 1972, North Vietnamese intransigence over the final peace agreement prompted President Nixon to initiate

Linebacker II

68

During the Vietnam War, one of the most decorated AF heroes was the recipient of 28 decorations for valor in combat, was Airman

Duane Hackney

69

One of the most decorated AF pararescuemen Airman of the Vietnam War was

Duane Hackney

70

During the Vietnam War, in December 1972, B-52 gunner Samuel Turner shot an enemy MiG, the first of two shot down by

Airmen

71

The individual that was directly involved in the famed Son Tay prisoner of war camp raid and the rescue of the crew of the USS Mayaquez was CMSgt

Wayne Fisk

72

President Nixon ended the US military draft in

1973

73

Post-Vietnam rebuilding included applying

Technology improvements

74

The April 1980 attempt to rescue American hostages from the US embassy in Iran was Operation

Rice Bowl

75

In April 1986, President Regan mobilized England-based F-11's to strike Libya during Operation

Eldorado Canyon

76

Operation Just Cause in 1989 tested air operation, this time in

Panama

77

On 26 May 1972, the US and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics signed the

Anti-Bollistic Missile Treaty

78

In July 1991, American nuclear strategy changed significant in response to changes under the

Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty 1

79

The Operation that eclipsed the Berlin Airlift, which was the greatest air deployment in history, was

Operation Desert Shield

80

The Gulf War represents the first extensive, broad-based employment of

Space Support Capabilities

81

The first week of Desert Storm focused on achieving air supremacy and destroying the enemy's

Command and control system

82

The famous 'Hail Mary' outflanking maneuver that applied the final blow to the Iraqi military forces was accomplished by

General Schwarzkopf

83

After Desert Storm in early 1992, Chief of Staff, AF General Merrill McPeak, introduced a revamped AF Mission defending the US through control and exploitation of

Air and space

84

A coalition of American and allied forces entered Iraq to end the regime of Saddam Hussein and to free the Iraqi people on 19Mar

2003

85

All US forces were mandated to withdraw
From Iraqi territory by 31 Dec 2011 under the terms of a bilateral agreement signed in

2008 by President Bush

86

1 Sep 2010 marked the transition for Operation Iraqi Freedom to Operation

New Dawn

87

As part of Operation New Dawn, the US Forces had three primary missions advising, assisting, and

Training the Iraqi security forces in all facets of security

88

On 20 Mar 2011, a collection of acft launched in support of Operation Odyssey Dawn to enforce United Nations Security Council Resolution

1973

89

President Barrack Obama's exit strategy from Afghanistan called for an end to combat operations in 2013 and the withdrawal of the US-led international military force by the end of

2014

90

Canada's military mission in Afghanistan ended on 12 Mar 2014, and on 27 May 2014 President Obama announced that the US combat mission in Afghanistan would end in

December 2014

91

The 'father' of flying, and a highly honored individual until his death 30 Jan 1948, was

Orville Wright

92

The individual that was an airpower visionary who saw the airplane dominating warfare and called for an air force indipendent of the US Army was

Colonel William 'Billy' Mitchell

93

The Pioneer aviator and the first commander of an American air unit in the field was

Major General Benjamin D. 'Benny' Foulois

94

The General that was an aviation pioneer and is generally recognized as the father of the modern USAF, commanding the US Army Air Forces during WWI was

Henry H. 'Hap' Arnold

95

On 30 June 1941, the General that was named Chief if the Air Corps, becoming the commanding general of the US Army AF, was general

Henry H. 'Hap' Arnold

96

On 7 May 1949, Congress appointed the first and only five star general of the Air Force, who was general

Henry H. Arnold

97

The first Chief of Staff of the Air Force was

Carl A. Spaatz

98

One of the founding fathers of the modern Air Force and commander of the first combat Air Force unit was

Lieutenant general Frank M Andrews

99

The first extended airial refueling experiment in 1929 was accomplished by general

Ira C. Eaker

100

The coordination of the most massive aircraft procurement program in history was accomplished by major general

Oliver P. Echols

101

The most decorated woman in US military history was

Captain Lillian K. Keil

102

During WWI the general THAT flew 75 mission downing two German planes and receiving the distinguished service cross and silver star was General

George C. Kenny

103

General James 'Jimmy' Doolittle was a Renaissance man and receiver of me

Medal of Honor

104

Did general who made the first blind flight completely dependent on instruments for which he won the Harmon trophy was

James Doolittle

105

September 1922 the DH 4 flew Coast to Coast in 22 hours, 35 minutes, with only one refueling stop and this was accomplished by General

James Doolittle

106

The general that was the famed leader of the flying tigers was major general

Claire L. Chennault

107

The general that made strategic air command the world premiere force was general

Curtis E. LeMay

108

The command that was the worlds most powerful nuclear force was accomplished and happened due to general

Curtis E. LeMay

109

The lieutenant general known as the air forces outstanding practitioner of Airlie just big and air mobility with general

William H. Tunner

110

The general that was a pioneer in the field of air intel was General

Charles P. Cabell

111

The first army and navy staff college course was attended by general

Charles P. Cabell

112

The general that was recognized as the architect of Air Force ballistic missile and military space programs was general

Bernard A. Schriever

113

The first female pilot to break the sound barrier on 18 May 1951 was

Colonel Jacqueline 'Jackie' Cochran

114

Commander of the famed World War II Tuskegee airmen was general

Benjamin O. Davis, Jr

115

The general that distinguish himself as a leader in three wars: World War II, Korea, and Vietnam, was general

Daniel 'chappie' James, Jr

116

The lowest ranking airman ever to receive the medal of honor for exceptional heroism during wartime is

A1C John Lee Levitow

117

The first enlisted airman to receive both the metal of honor and the Air Force cross posthumously was

SSgt William H. Pitsenbatger

118

The first woman to command a space shuttle mission was

Colonel Eileen M. Collins

119

On September 21, 2010, the first E-9 to receive the metal of honor was

Richard L. Etchberger

120

The highest award for heroism in military action that the nation can bestow on its military members of it's Armed Forces is the

Medal of Honor

121

The Air Force designed medal of honor was created on April 14 of what year

1965

122

First metal of honor was presented by President Lyndon B. Johnson on 19 January 1967 or actions in South Vietnam to who

Major Bernard F. Fisher