Chapter 1- Anatomical Terms Flashcards Preview

Anatomy & Physiology > Chapter 1- Anatomical Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1- Anatomical Terms Deck (40):
0

What is the median plane?

Divides the body into equal left and right halves

1

What is the Sagittal plane?

Divides the body into left and right parts that are not necessarily equal

2

What is a transverse plane?

Divides the body into cranial and caudal parts

3

What is the dorsal plane?

Divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts

4

What does cranial mean?

Toward the head ; or the front surface of a limb proximal to the carpus or tarsus

5

What does caudal mean

Toward the tail; also the back surface of a limb proximal to the carpus or tarsus

6

What does rostral mean?

Toward the tip of the nose

7

What does dorsal mean?

Toward the top surface of the body ; also the top/front surface of a limb distal to the carpus or tarsus

8

What does ventral mean?

Toward the bottom (belly) surface of the body

9

What does medial mean?

Toward the median plane

10

What does lateral mean?

Away from the median plane

11

What does deep mean?

Toward the center of the body or a body part

12

What does proximal mean?

Toward the body (used for appendages)

13

What does distal mean?

Away from the body (used for appendages)

14

What does palmar mean?

Ground/back surface of front limb distal to carpus

15

What does plantar mean?

Ground/back surface of hind limb distal to the tarsus

16

What is a cranial surface?

The front part of a leg (what enters the building first) above the knee

17

What is a caudal surface?

The "back" surface of a leg above the knee

18

What is a dorsal surface?

The front of leg (below knee) and top of foot

19

What is a palmar surface ?

(Front legs only) The "back" part of leg (below the knee) including the bottom of the foot

20

What is a plantar surface?

(Back legs only) The "back" part of leg (below the knee) including the bottom of the foot

21

What is a barrel?

The trunk of the body-formed by the rib cage and the abdomen

22

What is a flank?

Lateral surface of the abdomen between the last rib and the hind legs

23

What is a brisket?

Area of the base of the neck between the front legs that covers the cranial end of the sternum

24

What is a poll?

Top of the head between the bases of the ears

25

What is a muzzle

Rostral part of the face formed mainly by the maxillary and nasal bones

26

What is a withers?

Area dorsal to scapulas

27

What is a tailhead?

Dorsal part of the base of the tail

28

What is a hock?

Tarsus

29

What is a stifle?

Femorotibial/fenoropatellar joint-equivalent to the human knee

30

What is a fetlock?

Joint between cannon bone (large metacarpal/metatarsal) and the proximal phalanx of hoofed animals

31

What is a knee?

Carpus of hoofed animals

32

What is a cannon?

Large metacarpal or metatarsal bone of hoofed animals

33

What is a Pastern?

Area of the proximal phalanx of hoofed animals

34

What is dorsal recumbency?

Lying on the back (dorsal body surface) with the ventral side facing up

35

What is lateral recumbency?

Lying on the side

36

What is left lateral recumbency?

Left side down

37

What is right lateral recumbency?

Right side down

38

What is sternal recumbency?

Lying in the sternum (ventral body surface) with the dorsal surface facing up

39

What is oblique recumbency ?

The body is tilted between dorsal or sternal recumbency and lateral recumbency (referred to by a combination of other position terms)