Flashcards in Chapter 1- Anatomical Terms Deck (40):
What is the median plane?
Divides the body into equal left and right halves
What is the Sagittal plane?
Divides the body into left and right parts that are not necessarily equal
What is a transverse plane?
Divides the body into cranial and caudal parts
What is the dorsal plane?
Divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts
What does cranial mean?
Toward the head ; or the front surface of a limb proximal to the carpus or tarsus
What does caudal mean
Toward the tail; also the back surface of a limb proximal to the carpus or tarsus
What does rostral mean?
Toward the tip of the nose
What does dorsal mean?
Toward the top surface of the body ; also the top/front surface of a limb distal to the carpus or tarsus
What does ventral mean?
Toward the bottom (belly) surface of the body
What does medial mean?
Toward the median plane
What does lateral mean?
Away from the median plane
What does deep mean?
Toward the center of the body or a body part
What does proximal mean?
Toward the body (used for appendages)
What does distal mean?
Away from the body (used for appendages)
What does palmar mean?
Ground/back surface of front limb distal to carpus
What does plantar mean?
Ground/back surface of hind limb distal to the tarsus
What is a cranial surface?
The front part of a leg (what enters the building first) above the knee
What is a caudal surface?
The "back" surface of a leg above the knee
What is a dorsal surface?
The front of leg (below knee) and top of foot
What is a palmar surface ?
(Front legs only) The "back" part of leg (below the knee) including the bottom of the foot
What is a plantar surface?
(Back legs only) The "back" part of leg (below the knee) including the bottom of the foot
What is a barrel?
The trunk of the body-formed by the rib cage and the abdomen
What is a flank?
Lateral surface of the abdomen between the last rib and the hind legs
What is a brisket?
Area of the base of the neck between the front legs that covers the cranial end of the sternum
What is a poll?
Top of the head between the bases of the ears
What is a muzzle
Rostral part of the face formed mainly by the maxillary and nasal bones
What is a withers?
Area dorsal to scapulas
What is a tailhead?
Dorsal part of the base of the tail
What is a hock?
What is a stifle?
Femorotibial/fenoropatellar joint-equivalent to the human knee
What is a fetlock?
Joint between cannon bone (large metacarpal/metatarsal) and the proximal phalanx of hoofed animals
What is a knee?
Carpus of hoofed animals
What is a cannon?
Large metacarpal or metatarsal bone of hoofed animals
What is a Pastern?
Area of the proximal phalanx of hoofed animals
What is dorsal recumbency?
Lying on the back (dorsal body surface) with the ventral side facing up
What is lateral recumbency?
Lying on the side
What is left lateral recumbency?
Left side down
What is right lateral recumbency?
Right side down
What is sternal recumbency?
Lying in the sternum (ventral body surface) with the dorsal surface facing up