Chapter 1 and 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 and 2 Deck (20)
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1
Q

Applied research is best defined as research that explores

A

Practical problems outside the laboratory in real-world settings.

2
Q

The area of psychology that tries to explain human behavior by examining heredity, neurology and other biological processes is know as the biodynamic perspective.

A

False

3
Q

If a psychologist is interested in studying the risk factors that lead to delinquency in adolescence, on what goal of psychology is the researcher focused?

A

Predicting behaviour

4
Q

Sociocultural psychology is the study of the

A

influence of culture and social interactions on people’s behavior

5
Q

Psychology is defined as the

A

Scientific study of behavior and mental processes

6
Q

The clinician who was fascinated by the ability of the unconscious mind to influence the body was

A

Sigmund Freud

7
Q

Cognitive psychology focuses on

A

mental processes, language, and perception

8
Q

Dr. Watson, from the __________ school of psychology, focused on objective, observable behavior rather than on the unconscious.

A

Behaviorist

9
Q

Natural selection, adaptation, and the evolution of behavior patterns are major emphases in the ______ perspective of psychology.

A

evolutionary

10
Q

The first woman to be recognized in psychology was _____ .

A

Mary Calkins

11
Q

In what year was the first psychological labortory founded

A

1879

12
Q

_________ proposes that biological processes, psychological factors, and social forces are all interrelated and inseparable influences.

A

The bio-psycho-social model

13
Q

The psychological perspective that emerged in the 1950s that stressed free will and self-actualization was the ____ perspective.

A

Humanistic

14
Q

What are the goals of psychology?

A

To describe, explain, predict, and change behavior

15
Q

The psychological perspective that emphasizes objective, observable environmental influences of overt behavior is called the

A

Behavioral perspective

16
Q

The psychological perspective that studies how we gather, encode, and store information is called the _______ perspective.

A

cognitive

17
Q

Which of the following is a mental process?

A

remembering

18
Q

The father of psychology is _____ .

A

Wilhelm Wundt

19
Q

A student placed in a gifted program based on his or her IQ score would be an example of which goal of psychology?

A

Predicting behaviour

20
Q

The first African-American to earn a Ph.D. in psychology was ______ .

A

Dr. Francis Sumner