Module 9a Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 9a Deck (20)
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1
Q

What is conception?

A

It is the fertilization of the female egg by the male sperm.

2
Q

If a psychologist wanted to compare 6-year-old and 10-year-old children on recognition memory performance, the psychologist would use the _____ method of data collection.

A

Cross-sectional

3
Q

At birth, an infant’s head is _____ its body’s size, whereas in adulthood, the head is _____ its body’s size.

A

1/4;1/8

4
Q

The ___________ is the first stage of prenatal development (from conception to implantation), characterized by rapid cell division.

A

Embryonic period

5
Q

The ____ believe that Tiger Wood’s achievements are primarily due to his innate athletic abilities.

A

Naturists

6
Q

During the embryonic stage, growth is proximodistal, which means that the ______.

A

Arms develop before the hands

7
Q

Differences in age groups that reflect factors unique to a specific age group are called ______ effects

A

Cohort

8
Q

If a psychologist is interested in studying the stability of IQ scores over time, she should use the _____ method of data collection.

A

Longitudinal

9
Q

Regarding an infant’s sensory and perceptual development, we would NOT expect?

A

vision to be 20/20 at birth

10
Q

Because myelination of the brain continues until early adulthood, _____ continues to increase as well.

A

the speed of neural impulses

11
Q

Teratogens are _____ that can cause birth defects.

A

environmental agent

12
Q

The average child starts walking unassisted at _________ months.

A

12

13
Q

The study of age-related changes in behavior and mental processes throughout the lifespan is called _____.

A

The correct answer is: developmental psychology

14
Q

The first motor movements a newborn exhibits are _____.

A

The correct answer is: involuntary reflexes elicited by external stimuli

15
Q

Studies indicate that ____ is well developed at birth.

A

The correct answer is: hearing

16
Q

At conception you were a single cell barely 1/175 of an inch in diameter, called a(n) _____.

A

zygote

17
Q

Assad and Juana believe it is important to reinforce their baby’s curiosity and attempt to interact with her verbally. Assad and Juana believe that _____ is the major contributor to their child’s development.

A

The correct answer is: nurture

18
Q

Synaptic pruning refers to the _____ that helps strengthen connections between neurons.

A

The correct answer is: natural reduction of unused synapses

19
Q

The correct order of the stages of pregnancy are _________.

A

The correct answer is: germinal, embryonic, fetal

20
Q

Which of the following is not a major debate in developmental psychology?

A

The correct answer is: young versus old