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Flashcards in Infancy : Cognitive Development Deck (20)
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1
Q

Why might newborns possess an imitation reflex?

A
  • It contributes to caregiver-infant bonding
  • It helps ensure survival of the newborn
  • It may be due to “Mirror Neurons” in the human brain
2
Q

Elliot left his backpack on the bus to school this morning. Even though his backpack is not at school with him, he still knows it exists on the bus. This demonstrates which of Piaget’s concepts?

A

Object permanence

3
Q

Rovee-Collier and her colleagues (1993) tied one end of a ribbon to a brightly colored mobile and tied the other end ties to an infant’s ankle. What did these studies measure?

A

Memory

4
Q

Syntax refers to

A

the order in which words are used

5
Q

What is the relationship between MLU and chronological age?

A

As chronological age increases, MLU tends to increase

6
Q

Telegraphic speech is characterized by

A

Nouns, verbs, and some modifiers

7
Q

How well do infant IQ tests, such as the Bayley scales, predict later school success?

A

Performance on the Bayley language items predict language skills at ages 6-8

8
Q

According to B.F. Skinner, when parents require that children’s utterances of words be progressively closer to actual words before they are reinforced, this is called

A

Shaping

9
Q

Leah, a 9-month-old infant, watches as her mother pushes a button on a toy and the toy beeps. Several hours later, Leah pushes the button and the toy beeps. This is an example of

A

Deferred imitation

10
Q

Research on infant-directed speech indicates that

A

it is used in many diverse languages

11
Q

Wyatt has learned that his round ball is called a toy. When Wyatt sees an orange or a grapefruit, he calls these toys as well. His thought process BEST represents

A

assimilation

12
Q

According to psycho linguistic theory, language acquisition

A

is related to both inborn tendencies and environmental influences

13
Q

Which of the following is TRUE?

A

Receptive vocabulary generally exceeds expressive vocabulary

14
Q

How do primary and secondary circular reactions differ?

A

Primary focus on the body, whereas secondary focus on the environment

15
Q

Referential language style focuses on _____, whereas expressive language style focuses on ______.

A

objects; social interactions

16
Q

Susan Rose and her colleagues (2001) showed that visual recognition memory is

A

somewhat stable from age to age

17
Q

In which substage of sensorimotor development would you first witness goal-directed behavior?

A

coordination of secondary schemes

18
Q

Infants begin cooing

A

during the second month of their life 6-8 weeks

19
Q

Which is the BEST example of a simple reflex?

A

Turning toward the source of a loud noise

20
Q

Emma is 7 months old. She shakes a rattle so it will make a noise she likes. This is an example of

A

Secondary circular reaction