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Flashcards in chapter 6 Deck (19)
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1
Q

If wartime propaganda depicts the enemy as ugly, cruel, and somewhat less than human, then this type of propaganda would create _____ toward the enemy.

A

b. a negative conditioned emotional response Correct

2
Q

Extinction _____.

A

c. a and b Correct

3
Q

In Pavlov’s original classical conditioning experiments, the _____ was the neutral stimulus, the _____ was the stimulus that would elicit a reflex, and _____ was the reflexive response.

A

d. tone; meat powder; salivation Correct

4
Q

A couple broke up several years ago and no longer feels any romantic feelings toward one another. However, as the couple has a chance encounter years later, the romantic feelings start to reappear. This is an example of ______________.

A

a. spontaneous recovery Correct

5
Q

If your dog was classically conditioned to wag his tail when you pick up a leash to go for a walk, what would extinguish this behavior?

A

d. Pick up the leash without taking him for a walk. Correct

6
Q

When a neutral stimulus is paired with a previously conditioned stimulus to become a conditioned stimulus as well, this is called _____ conditioning.

A

a. higher-order Correct

7
Q

In the cardboard box conditioning example in the text, before conditioning, the box is the ____, the pizza is the _____, and the salivation is the ______.

A

a. NS; UCS; UCR Correct

8
Q

Which of the following is an example of stimulus discrimination in classical conditioning?

A

b. After an accident with a red car last month, Giorgio gets nervous when he sees a red car, but not when he sees a red truck or van. Correct

9
Q

A stimulus that, before conditioning, does not naturally bring about the response of interest is called _____.

A

a. a neutral stimulus Correct

10
Q

All _____ stimuli and responses are inborn, such as salivating at the sight of food.

A

unconditioned

11
Q

The occurrence of a learned response to stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus is called stimulus _____.

A

generalization

12
Q

A previously neutral stimulus that, through repeated pairings with an unconditioned stimulus, produces a conditioned response is now called a _____.

A

b. conditioned stimulus Correct

13
Q

In John Watson’s demonstration of classical conditioning with little Albert, the unconditioned stimulus was _____.

A

c. a loud noise Correct

14
Q

A relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes as a result of practice or experience is called _____.

A

learning

15
Q

Most phobias are explained by _____.

A

a. classical conditioning

16
Q

Eli’s grandma gives him a Tootsie roll every time she visits. When Eli sees his grandma arriving, his mouth begins to water. In this example, the conditioned stimulus (CS) is ____.

A

c. grandma

17
Q

_____ conditioning occurs when a neutral stimulus becomes associated with an unconditioned stimulus to elicit a conditioned response.

A

Classical

18
Q

Classical conditioning falls under which perspective of psychology?

A

behavioral

19
Q

After being shocked for the last ten days when kissing your wife, you now feel mildly anxious whenever you approach her to give her a kiss. In classical conditioning, your wife was a(n) _____ stimulus ten days ago and has now become a(n) _____ stimulus.

A

b. neutral; conditioned Correct