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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (17)
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1
Q

The conversion of sensory stimuli such as light or sound waves into neural implulses is called

A

Transduction

2
Q

Our sence of taste is also known as

A

gustation

3
Q

The sense of gustation is important from an evolutionary standpoint because

A

it helps us stay away from food that are harmful or toxic

4
Q

Why may an American child consider raw fish and chicken feet yucky, whereas a japanese child may consider it as a normal part of the diet?

A

The American child may not have been exposed to as many foods as the Japanese child, due to cultural differences

5
Q

Rods are most sensitive ____, and less sensitive _____-

A

in dim light; to color wavelengths

6
Q

The minimum amount of change betwen two colors that is required to detect a difference between the two colors is referred to as an

A

Difference threshold

7
Q

The cochlea contains ____- which sends messages through the auditory nerve to the areas of the brain that are responsible for interpreting auditory information

A

b. hair cells Correct

8
Q

Entering a movie theater from outside on a bright sunny day will cause temporary blindness due to ______________.

A

d. dark adaptation Correct

9
Q

Our sense of smell is also known as _____________.

A

olfaction

10
Q

Both light waves and sound waves vary in ____________.

A

wavelength

11
Q

The light-sensitive inner surface of the back of the eye, which contains rods and cones, is called the _____.

A

retina

12
Q

The phantom limb phenomenon suggests that the _____ can generate pain without sensory input.

A

brain

13
Q

Light and sound both move in _____________.

A

waves

14
Q

A subliminal stimulus refers to any stimulus that _____.

A

b. is presented below the threshold of a person’s conscious awareness Correct

15
Q

Sound waves cause the _____ to vibrate and pass the mechanical energy on to the three bones in the middle ear.

A

c. tympanic membrane Correct

16
Q

The point on the retina that contains only cones and is responsible for our sharpest vision is called the _____.

A

fovea

17
Q

The fact that we can detect a candle flame at 30 miles away on a clear dark night is referred to as the _________________ for vision.

A

d. absolute threshold Correct