Chapter 1 - Characteristics Of Life Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 - Characteristics Of Life Deck (51):
1

-ology

Study of

2

All living things must be made of ______

Cells

3

All living things must be able to ________

Reproduce

4

All living things must be able to ______
Baby-> adult

Grow

5

All living things must use _______

Energy

6

All living things must be able to adapt to________

Changes in environment

7

Must _____ and ______
Bacteria-> humans

Adapt and evolve

8

Homeostasis

Maintain a stable internal environment

9

Examples of homeostasis

Sweating and shivering

10

Objects that posses all characteristics of a living thing is called an

Organism

11

All living things are made up of ____ or more_____

One or more cells

12

Cells are the _______ unit of all living things

Basic

13

Cells and DNA control what??

Control organisms life process

14

Reproduction passes on _____

Genetic information to their offspring

15

Growth

A change in size

16

Development

All changes that take place during an organisms life

17

A stimulus is_____

Something an organism responds to

18

A reaction to a stimulus is a

Response

19

Metabolism

Combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials

20

Adaptation

Any change to a stimulus that enables the organism to live better

21

Adaptations are inherited from ____

Past generations

22

Evolution leads to??

Adaptation

23

Evolution

Gradual accumulations of adaptions over time

24

Is an object considered living if it doesn't have all characteristic traits??

No

25

-bios

Life

26

Organism

Single living thing

27

What is the goal of science

To better understand the natural world

28

Organization

The degree of order within the cell

29

Reproduction

Organisms producing new organisms

30

Growth

When cells enlarge

31

Response

A change in organisms due to a change in the environment

32

Homeostasis

The same level of the internal conditions though the environment is changing

33

Use of energy

Turning food into energy

34

Problem

The question you set out to solve

35

Observation

The act of witnessing a natural occurrence that causes you to ask a question

36

Hypothesis

It propose exclamation for why something is the way it is

37

Experiment

What is used to test the hypothesis

38

Data

The results of the experiment

39

Conclusion

The results of your finds

40

Independent variable

(In) what you are changing IN the experiment

41

The dependent variable

The data you are getting from the experiment

42

Control group

The things that stays the same

43

Experimental group

The things you are changing

44

Theory

When a certain hypothesis is found to be true many times and it has a lot of data to back it up

45

The purpose of the control group

You have Constance in your experiment and something that doesn't change

46

The purpose to record results and conclusions in scientific journals

Sue other scientists have something to compare results of the same experiments and so they can be peer review and make your work better

47

How does the scientific theory developed

The theory starts by being proven many times then grocery long process of scientific peer-review

48

Quantitative data

Numbers

49

Qualitative data

Using description

50

Describe the basic purpose of science

To Control, predict and better understand the natural world.

51

Is science good or bad

Both
Depends on how you use it