Chapter 6- Photosynthesis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6- Photosynthesis Deck (54):
1

Autotroph

Use energy from the sun to feed themselves

2

Inorganic

Compounds typicaly formed without carbon

3

Thylakoid

-membrane bound organelle
- a single disk from the grouping of granum

4

Granum

- stack of thylakoids within the chloroplast

5

Stroma

- jelly like fluid in the chloroplast

6

Carotenoid

Green pigment found in the chloroplast

7

A photo system

Functional and structural units of protein complexes

8

Primary electron acceptor

Couldn't find any decent definition

(Don't understand) 😂😅😞

9

Chemiosmosis

Movement of ions across the selectively permeable membrane

10

Carbon fixation

Conversion of carbon dioxide into the organic compound

11

Name the 2 types of light energy

There r
-light reactions
-Calvin cycle

12

What goes into light reactions

Light, water

13

What comes out of light reactions and into the Calvin cycle

ATP and NADPH

14

What goes into the Calvin cycle

Co2

15

What comes out of the Calvin cycle and into the light reactions

NADP+ and ADP

16

Photosystem 2

Light is absorbed

H2O>O2, H+ and E-

E- goes through E.T.C witch moves H+ to a higher concentration

17

Photosystem 1

More light is Absorbed
E- continued through E.T.C
More H+ moved
NADP+> NADPH

18

ATP synthase

H+(chemiosmosis)
ADP-ATP

19

The product of chemiosmosis

ATP

20

The three substances that are produced when my Water Molecules are broken down during light reactions

Hydrogen ions, electrons and oxygen

21

For this is this is an electron transport chain's are located in the

Thylakoid membrane

22

Both Photosystem one and Photosystem two

Donate electrons to transport chains that generates nadph and contain chlorophyll a molecules

23

Water participates directly in the light reactions of photosynthesis by

Donating electrons to photosystem two

24

The energy that is used to establish the proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane comes from the

Passage of electrons among the electron transport chain of photosystem two

25

What is the overall equation for the process of photosynthesis

Light energy+ (6)co2+(6)h2o > 6h12 o6 6o2

26

Where does the Calvin cycle take place

Storma

27

Explain why the light reactions and the Calvin cycle are dependent on each other

Needs atp and nadph

28

Stroma

Opening in leave which allows gas diffusion 😝

29

H20 enters the ________ before becoming oxygen

Light reaction

30

CO2 enters the _______ before becoming CH20(sugar)

Calvin cycle

31

Glycolysis takes place in the _____

Cytosol

32

Is glycolysis 2ATP wil turn into

2 ADP

33

In Glycolysis Glucose will end up becoming ____

2 molecules of pyruvic acid

34

During glycolysis, glucose is

Partially broken down

35

Latin acid fermentation and alcoholic fermentation produce

ATP from ADP
Phosphate

36

Energgy containing products of glycolysis

-ATP
- Puruvic Acid

37

Breakdown of glucose that diffuses into the matrix further is

Pyruvic acid

38

Karen's cycle produces a

Molecules of CO2

39

Aerobic respiration that occurs in inner membrane

Electron transport train

40

Oxygen is needed during

Respiration

41

Needs enzymes

Respiration and photosynthesis

42

Related to pyruvic acid

Respiration

43

Krebs cycle and glycolysis

Respiration

44

Light and dark reactions is photosynthesis

Photosynthesis

45

Glucose goes into the plant for _____ and ____

-food
-structure

46

3 steps of cellular reputation

-glycolysis
-electron transport chain
-cutric acid cycle

47

Krebs cycle is also known as the

Citric acid cycle

48

ATP is also considered

Chemical energy

49

Kreb cycle occurs in the

Matrix

50

Calvin cycle occurs in the

Stroma

51

2 types of fermentation

- lactic acid
-alcoholic fermentation

52

Fermentation is _______

Anaerobic

53

Cellular respiration is

Aerobic

54

In a molecule of ATP energy is released when

The 2nd and 3rd phosphates break off