Chapter 46- Human Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 46- Human Anatomy Deck (58):
1

What is the main function of the heart?

Move blood around the body

2

Where are the cells that make up the pacemaker, located?

Right Atrium

3

Blood returning to the heart from the lungs flows through the

Pulmonary veins

4

Arteries...

Carry blood away from the heart

5

Which type of blood cells helps fight off foreign invaders?

Leukocytes

6

Deoxygenated blood is found in the ...

Inferior vena cava

7

The nasal cavity and trachea contain mucus in Celia to...

Filter inhaled air

8

Which of the following is the correct pathway of air intake it into the human respiratory system?

Trachea-Bronchi- bronchial tubes- alveoli

9

Which chamber is responsible for pumping blood throughout the entire body

Left ventricle

10

The valve located between the right atrium and right ventricle is called the

Triscupid valve

11

The lungs control a large number of alveoli. Their a large number...

Provides a large surface area for the exchange of gases

12

The vocal cords are located in the

Larynx

13

The chief function of the respiratory system is to

Get oxygen to cells and remove carbon dioxide

14

Blood that comes to the alveoli from body cells is high in

Carbon dioxide

15

The___ divides into narrower tubes called bronchi.

Trachea

16

Which blood component begins the clotting action of the blood

Thrombocytes

17

The fluid portion of the blood in blood vessels is called

Plasma

18

The substance transporting oxygen in the blood is

Hemoglobin

19

Breathing is caused by____.

Change in air pressure in the chest cavity (answer may be incorrect, edit if possible)

20

The valve found between the left ventricle and the Aorta is the

Aortic valve (answer may be incorrect)

21

Joint

2 parts of a skeleton meet

22

Ligament

Connects a bone to another

23

Bursae

Counters fluid (filled with fluid)

24

Tendon

Attaches a muscle to a bone

25

Ossification

Bone growth

26

Periosteum

Supplies blood to bone

27

Spongy bone

Adds strength w/o mass

28

Smooth muscle

- iris
-bladder
-digestive tract

29

Cardiac muscle

Found in heart

30

Skeletal muscle

Attaches to bones near tendons

31

Extensor

Straightens a bone

32

Sarcomere

Unit of muscle tissue

33

Myosin

Motor proteins

(Within sarcomeres)

34

Top layer of skin

Epidermis

35

Layer of skin with veins, nervia, sweat glands, etc

Dermis

36

Arteries

Blood from heart to rest of body

37

Vein

Blood to tissues

38

Capillaries

Collects waste

39

4 main chambers in heart

-right atrium
- right ventricle
-pulmonary artery
-left ventricle

40

4 main valves in the heart

-triscupid valve
- pulmonary valve
- mitral valve
- aortic valve

41

Pathogens

Disease causing

42

B cells

Produce antibodies

43

Phagocytes

Engulfs bacteria

44

Autoimmune diseases

Body's cells attaches itself

45

Immunodeficiency disease

Body can't fight off disease because it's dealing with something else
(Wouldn't normally get this disease
Or sickness)

46

6 main nutrients

- water
- minerals
-fats
-carbs
-protein
-vitamins

47

List the 5 main organs of which food passes through to excrete from the body

- mouth
- esophagus
- stomach
- small intestine
- large intestine

48

Salivary gland

Breaks down starches

49

Pancreas

Breaks down fats

50

Gall bladder

Stores bile

51

Liver

Filters blood

52

Appendix

Stores bacteria

53

4 main components of the excretory system

-kidneys
-ureters
- bladder
- uretha

54

What is in the kidneys that filters waste?

Nephrons

55

What cells make up the Myelin Sheeth??

Schwann cells

56

Cerebrum

Higher logic
( main part of brain )

57

Cerebellum

Balance

58

Medulla oblongata

Regulates breathing, sneezing, swallowing etc