Chapter 2- Organic Molecules Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2- Organic Molecules Deck (73):
1

How many covalent bonds does carbon form?

4 βš½οΈπŸ’šβš½οΈ

2

What does the covalent bond form thingy look like?? ( sorry don't know proper name)

C-C-C-C

-All in a row

3

Name the four types of macromolecules...

-Carbohydrates
-Lipids
-Proteins
-Nucleic Acids

4

Sugars are also know as __________

Saccharides

5

Name the 3 types of carbohydrates

- Monosaccharides
- Disaccharides
- Polysaccharides

πŸ‘πŸΌπŸ‘πŸΌ good job!! Keep up the hard work!!! It'll all pay off in the end

6

What's the main part of Carbohydrates??

Carbon

7

What's the common form forCarbohydrates look like??

C H O
x y z

8

Isomer

- Compounds with the same molecular formula
- but with different structures

9

What r two examples of Isomers (Carbohydrate related)

- Glucose
- Fructose

10

How many rings do Monosaccharides have??

Uno o 1
πŸ˜‰

11

3 examples of monosaccharides are______

-Glucose
- Fructose
- Galactose


Even honey is a monosaccharide

12

How many rings does a disaccharide have??

2

13

3 examples of Disaccharides are________

- Sucrose (table sugar)
- Lactose
-Maltose

14

Polysaccharides have how many rings??

Many, more then 3

15

Examples of Polysaccharides

-Potatoes
- Pasta
- Rice

16

What is Cellulose used for??

In plants for:
-structure
-Support

17

Glycogen is used in _______

Animals for energy storage

18

A use of carbohydrates are____

-Energgy

19

Carbohydrates give a(n) ________ amount of energy

Extended

20

Example of a simple carbohydrate________

Sugars 🍭🍭

21

Examples of complex carbohydrates are_____\

- Bread 🍞
- Pasta 🍜

22

Lipid are made of

-Carbon
-Hydrogen
- Oxygen

23

Building blocks of lipids are___________\

- 1 Glycerol
- 3 fatty acids

24

Fats store energy for ___ periods of time

Long

25

Carbohydrates are very ______ in water

Soluble

26

Fats are ________ in water

Insoluble

27

How many bonds does a saturated fat have??

- only single

28

Unsaturated fats have____\_

Double bonds

29

Which type of fat is healthier for us??

- Unsaturated fats

30

Proteins are made of ___________

- carbon
- hydrogen
- oxygen
-nitrogen
- sulfur

31

Building blocks of proteins are called ______

- amino acids

32

Proteins make up______\

Enzymes

33

How many natural amino acids are there??

20

34

Our bodies produce how many non-essential amino acids??

-12

35

How many essential amino acids are there??

-8

36

How muster we get our essential amino acids??

Through the foods we eat

37

Polypeptide

Linked amino acids

38

3 examples of proteins are_____

-Collagen
- Karetin
- Meat/beans etc

39

DNA and RNA r made up of_____

-Carbon
- Hydrogen
- Oxygen
- Nitrogen
- Phosphorous

40

How many types of Nitrogen bases are there??

5

41

Sugar is also known as _____

Deoxyribose

42

DNA is located in the ______

Nucleus

43

Sugar in RNA is know as

Ribose

44

The RNA is located_______

-nucleus
- cytoplasm

45

Dehydration Synthesis

Linking molecules by removing water

46

Hydrolysis

Process of breaking water in a monomer to split it apart

47

Monomer

Subunit that makes up polymers

48

Polymers are all made by

Dehydration synthesis



Good job!!! Keep up the hard work!!! 🍫🍫

49

What r 2 main things found in a living cell?

- chemicals (30%)
- H2O (70%)

50

Indicators test for what??

Pretense of organic compounds

51

Iodine causes starches to

To turn blue-black

52

Benedicts solution causes monosaccharides to turn_________

-green πŸ’š
-orangeπŸ€
-yellow πŸ’›

53

Biurets solution causes proteins to turn _______

-blue-violet

54

Two types of Nucleic acids are____\_

- RNA
- DNA

55

What's the simplest carbohydrate??

Monosaccharides

56

Starch is a ________

Complex sugar

57

Lipids building blocks are_________

- 1 glycerol
- 3 fatty acids

58

Proteins have _______ in them

- Nitrogen

59

Amino acids make up ______

Proteins

60

An a-Helix is_______

Proteins folded together

61

B- pleated are______

Folded over themselves to make sheets

62

Collagen makes up____

- Cartilage
- Tendons
- Skins
- Bones

63

Keratin makes up _____

- Hair
- Feathers
- Horns

64

Enzymes speed up _______

Chemical reactions

65

ON YOUR OWN LEARN HOW TO RECOGNIZE DIFFERENT STRUCTURES !!

For
- nucleotides
-fats
- carbss
-

66

What organic molecule r enzymes made of??

Proteins

67

What are enzymes responsible for??

- responsible for all reactions in body

68

Enzymes act as

Catalysts

69

The initial input energy needed to break bonds is called _____

Activation energy

70

Enzymes act on

Substrates

71

The place where substrate fit is called ____

An active site

72

Denature

When a protein breaks down because it loses its original shape

73

Elements of life acronym

-C
-H
-N
-O
-P
-S