Chapter 1 Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

Essential Words For IELTS > Chapter 1 Unit 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Unit 3 Deck (16):

The rest of the time was occupied with writing a report.

The house hasn't been occupied (= lived in) by anyone for a few months.

Occupy:exist in , to be in a place


​a sparse population/audience

sparse vegetation/woodland

a sparse beard

Information coming out of the disaster area is sparse.

small in numbers or amount, often spread over a large area.


His mood swings between elation and despair.

After a rainstorm in the desert, there is a noticeable swing back to life.

Daily temperature swings of up to 20 C.

He ran happily down the road, swinging his school bag as he went.

Swing: a big and sudden change, to change.
to move easily backwards and forwards or from one side to the fixed point.(back-and-forth movement)


The health-care system is in transition at the moment.

Transition (n,v) transitional. (Adj)
a change from one form or type to another, or the process by which this happens.


Bornstein transitioned from male to female almost 20 years ago.

Transition: v : to start living as a person of a different gender.


The desert fringe, support diverse plant forms that not only have adapted to the harsh conditions but actually thrive there.

Fringe: on the edge, the outer or less important part of an area, group, or activity.


His business thrived in the years before the war.

She seems to thrive on stress.

Thrive: to grow, develop, or be successful.


Successful desert plants are resilient to scorching summers and frigid winters.

Resilient: tenacious


Some environmental stressors consist of...

The main stressor in a desert is lack of rain.

Stress (n,v) stressor , stressful :
Sth that causes difficulty or great worry


These plants need a rich soil that retains moisture.

a liquid such as water in the form of very small drops, either in the air, in a substance, or on a surface.


Some of the most diverse prolific vegetation in the area...

Prolific: producing a lot of something.


Dilute the juice (with water) before you drink it.

Dilute, dilution
to make a liquid weaker by mixing in something else.


These measures are designed to dilute public fears about the product's safety.

Dilute: to reduce the strength of a feeling, action, etc...


As people accumulate more wealth, they tend to spend a greater proportion of their incomes.

During a successful business career, she accumulated a great amount of wealth.

to collect a large number of things over a long period of time


A thick layer of dust had accumulated in the room.

to gradually increase in number or amount.


Changes in climate can result in species diversification.

As the climate changes, plant species in an area may diversify if conditions improve.

Diversify , diversity