Chapter 1 Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

Essential Words For IELTS > Chapter 1 Unit 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Unit 3 Deck (16):
1

The rest of the time was occupied with writing a report.


The house hasn't been occupied (= lived in) by anyone for a few months.


Occupy:exist in , to be in a place

2

​a sparse population/audience

sparse vegetation/woodland

a sparse beard

Information coming out of the disaster area is sparse.

Sparse:
small in numbers or amount, often spread over a large area.

3

His mood swings between elation and despair.

After a rainstorm in the desert, there is a noticeable swing back to life.

Daily temperature swings of up to 20 C.


He ran happily down the road, swinging his school bag as he went.

Swing: a big and sudden change, to change.
to move easily backwards and forwards or from one side to the fixed point.(back-and-forth movement)

4

The health-care system is in transition at the moment.

Transition (n,v) transitional. (Adj)
a change from one form or type to another, or the process by which this happens.

5

Bornstein transitioned from male to female almost 20 years ago.

Transition: v : to start living as a person of a different gender.

6

The desert fringe, support diverse plant forms that not only have adapted to the harsh conditions but actually thrive there.

Fringe: on the edge, the outer or less important part of an area, group, or activity.

7

His business thrived in the years before the war.

She seems to thrive on stress.

Thrive: to grow, develop, or be successful.

8

Successful desert plants are resilient to scorching summers and frigid winters.

Resilient: tenacious

9

Some environmental stressors consist of...

The main stressor in a desert is lack of rain.


Stress (n,v) stressor , stressful :
Sth that causes difficulty or great worry

10

These plants need a rich soil that retains moisture.

Moisture:
a liquid such as water in the form of very small drops, either in the air, in a substance, or on a surface.

11

Some of the most diverse prolific vegetation in the area...

Prolific: producing a lot of something.

12

Dilute the juice (with water) before you drink it.

Dilute, dilution
to make a liquid weaker by mixing in something else.

13

These measures are designed to dilute public fears about the product's safety.

Dilute: to reduce the strength of a feeling, action, etc...

14

As people accumulate more wealth, they tend to spend a greater proportion of their incomes.


During a successful business career, she accumulated a great amount of wealth.

Accumulate:
to collect a large number of things over a long period of time

15

A thick layer of dust had accumulated in the room.


Accumulate:
to gradually increase in number or amount.

16

Changes in climate can result in species diversification.


As the climate changes, plant species in an area may diversify if conditions improve.

Diversify , diversity