Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (76):
1

crani/o-

cranium

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craniotomy

a surgical incision into the cranium to expose the brain tissue

3

cerebrum

largest part of the brain

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mening/o-

meniges

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opt/o-

eye; vision

6

-ic

pertaining to

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ocul/o-

eye

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mot/o-

movement

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-or

person or thing that produces or does

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trochle/o-

structure shaped like a pulley

11

tri-

three

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gemin/o-

twins; set or group

13

faci/o-

face

14

gloss/o-

tongue

15

pharyng/o-

pharynx (throat)

16

-eal

pertaining to

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access/o-

supplemental or contributing part

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-ory

having the function of

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hypo-

below; deficient

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gloss/o-

tongue

21

myel.o-

spinal cord

22

spin/o-

spine; backbone

23

Amnesia

partial or total loss of memory of recent or remote past experience, forgetfullness

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aphasia

loss of ability to communicate verbally or in writing

25

a

without, not

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phas/o-

speech

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Expressive aphasia

inability to verbally express

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express/o-

communicate

29

-ive

pertaining to

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receptive aphasia

inability to understand the spolen or written word, failure to communicate, make up words. in order to communicate ask yes or no questions

31

cerebral palsy (CP)

caused by a lack of oxygen to parts of the baby's brain during birth or at time of delivery

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cerebrovascular accident (CVA_

disruption or blockage of blood flow to the brain which causes tissure death and an area of necrosis-know as an infarct

33

TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)

temporary lack of oxygenated blood to brain and tissue

34

Hemiplegia

A condition where there is paralysis of one side of a patient's body

35

hemi-

one 1/2

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pleg/o-

paralysis

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Hemiparesis

one 1/2 of the body is weakened but not paralyzed

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-paresis

weakness

39

coma-

deep state of unconsciusness and unresponsiveness; test is Glasgow scale

40

Glasgow Coma Scale

eye opening response, verbal response, and motor response

41

Dementia

disease of the brain in which many neurons in the cerebrun die, the cerebral corex shrinks in size, and there is progressive deterioration in mental function

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de-

reversal of

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ment/o-

mind

44

-ia

condition

45

Epilepsy

brief disruption! Recurring, unprovoked condition in which a group of neurons in the brain sontaneously sends out electrical impulses in an abnormal, uncontrolled way

46

Seizures

termed epilpsy, but some seizures may occur in people who do not have epilepsy

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ict/o-

seizure-postictal

48

convuls/o-

convulsions

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epilept/o-

epileptic

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Tonic

stiffening and rigid movement

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ton/o-

pressure

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clonic

jerky and rapid contractions

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clon/o-

rapid contraction and relaxing

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Postical state

pertaining to a state of confusion or sleepiness after a seizure

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post-

after

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ict/o-

seizure

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psych.o-

mind

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mot/o-

movement

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foc.o-

point of activity

60

Hematoma

localized collection of bood that forms in the tissue because of the rupture of the artery or vein

61

Huntington's chorea

progressive inherited degenerative disease

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Hyrdocephalus

condition of which an excessive amt of cerebrospinal fluid is produces or the flow or cerebrospinal fluid is blocked

63

Meningitis

inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord

64

Migraine

sensitivity to light or sound=photophobia

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Lou Gehrig's disease, no know cause, has muscle wasting spasm, and eventually paralysis

66

TENS unit

a device tht is used to control chronic pain

67

Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)

examination-test that examines the CSF macroscopically for clarity and color, microscopically for cells, and chemically for proteins and other substances

68

Lumbar Puncture

the cerebral spinal fluid can be examined by first doing a lumbar puncture (LP)

69

Computed Axial tomography (CAT, CT scan)

procedure that uses x-rays to create many individual,, closely spaced images-slices

70

EEG

electroencephalography -procedure to record the elctrical activity of the brain

71

Babinsk's sign

neurologic test where the outside of the foot from the heel to the toes is stroked with an instrument to check for injury to the parietal lob or spinal nerve

72

Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)

numerical scale that measures the depth of a coma scale-3 to 15- eye opening, motoe and verbal response following a painful stimulus

73

Lumbar Puncture (LP)

procedure to obtain cerebrospinal fluid for testing

74

Romberg Test

test balance, stand with feet together and closed

75

Laminectomy

surgical procedure to treat a herniated disk

76

Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)

numerical scale that measures the depth of a coma scale-3 to 15- eye opening, motor and verbal response following a painful stimulus