Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (51):
1

-ics

knowledge or practice

2

crani/o-

cranium

3

front/o-

front

4

pariet/o-

wall of a cavity

5

occipital bone

part of the skull that firms the back of the head

6

tempero/o-

temple

7

foraman

opening

8

sternum

breast bone

9

cost/o-

rib

10

cartilage

a smooth, firm, but flexible connective tissue

11

chondr/o-

cartilage

12

coccyx

tailbone

13

coccyg/o-

tailbone

14

scapula

shoulder blade

15

humerus

the long bone in the upper arm

16

Humeral

descroptive word for the bone of the upper arm

17

ilium

superior bone of the hip bone of the pelvis

18

ileum

3rd part of the small intestine

19

ileus

abnormal absence of contraction in small intestine

20

Arthralgia

pain in the joint

21

arthr/o-

joint

22

alg/o-

pain

23

intra-articular

within the joint

24

articul/o-

joint

25

cartilage

type of dense connective tissue

26

chondro/-o

cartilage

27

periosteum

a thick, fibrous membrane

28

peri-

around

29

osse/o-

bone

30

Epiphysis

cancellous bone

31

oste/o-

bone

32

-oma

tumor, mass

33

osteosarcoma

malignant cancer of the bone

34

comminut/o-

break into minute pieces

35

-ed

pertaining to

36

compress/o-

press together

37

depress/o-

press down

38

obligue fracture

slanting

39

Osteomyelitis

infection of bone or bone marrow

40

Lordosis

swayback

41

kyphosis

humpbacked

42

scoliosis

curving sidways

43

arthro-

joint

44

alg/o-

pain

45

crepitus

grinding noise heard as bone ends rub together (arthritis)

46

Closed Frecture

any type of frature in which the bone does not break through the overlying skin

47

open

any type of fracture in which he bone breaks through the overlying skin

48

displaced

broken bone ends are pulled out of their normal anantomical alignment

49

Comminuted

bone is crushed into several pieces

50

compression

vertebrae are compressed together after falling onto the buttocks or a vertebra colapses in on itself because of disease

51

depressed

cranium is fractured inward towards the brain