Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (60):
1

integumentary/o-

skin

2

cutane/o-

skin

3

-ous

pertaining to

4

cut/i-

skin

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derm/o-

skin

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dermat/o-

skin

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derm/o-

skin

8

Epidermis

outermost layer of skin, ketatin, a hard, fibroud protein

9

epi-

upon

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melanin

a dark brwon or black pigment/chemical subs

11

Suntan

increase sun UV rays= excessive/incresase melanin

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Sunburn

prolong sun exposure= decrease melanin absorption

13

sebum

fat

14

sudor/i-

sweat

15

fer/o-

to bear

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piloerection

goose bump, erector muscles at the base of the hair follicle

17

Pil/o-

hair

18

erect/o-

to stand up

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Ecchymosis

a 3 cm in diameter or larger area of hemorrhage under the skin

20

Ecchym/o-

blood in tissues

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contusion

bleeding of any size under the skin bruising

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hematoma

elevated collection of blood under the skin

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hemat/o-

blood

24

-oma

tumor, mass

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Exudate

oozing fluid

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dermat/o-

skin

27

Pruritis

itchy skin

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Xeroderma

dry skin

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xer/o-

dry

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-derma

skin

31

Jaundice

assoc with liver disease-bile not filtering

32

cyanotic

nail bed's blood vessels have lack of oxygen in the tissues

33

necrosis

poor blood flow

34

Vitiligo

Melanocytes are destroyed

35

striae

irregular areas of skin that look like bands, stripes, or lines

36

Callus

a thicken, wide elevated pad on the epidermis layer

37

corn

a callus with a hard central area
There is pain and inflamamation of the deeper skin tissues. ex. little toe

38

Keloid

scar that continues to grow until it is larger than the original injury abnormally large scar

39

Cicatrix

fibroud tisue that replaces injured skin tissue

40

Cellulitis

inflammation/infection of the connective tissue and muscle

41

cellul/o-

cell

42

Psoriasis

overproduction of excessive amounts of epidermal cells

43

psor/o-

itching

44

-iasis

state of

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seb/o-

sebum (oil)

46

-rrhea

flow, discharge

47

Anhidrosis

lack of sweating

48

hidr/o-

sweat

49

an-

without, not

50

Diaphoresis

sweating profuse

51

Hirsutism

presence of excessive hair on caused by hypersecretion of testosterone

52

hirsut/o-

hairy

53

-ism

process

54

Schizotrichia

condition of split hair

55

schiz/o-

split

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trich/o-

hair

57

Excisional Biopsy

use of a scapel to remove an entier large lesion

58

Incisional Biopsy

use of a scalpel to make an incision to remove part of a large lesion

59

Punch Biopsy

use of a circular metal cutter to remove a plugged core that includes the epidermis, dermis, and subcu

60

shave biopsy

use of a scepel/razor blade to shave off a lesion in the epidermis/dermis