Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (42):
1

ur/o-

urine

2

retro-

behind

3

peritone/o-

peritoneum

4

Retroperitoneal Space

small space behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity

5

ren/o-

kidney

6

2 combining forms meaning urinary bladder

vesic/o-. cyst/o-

7

Urethra

a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body

8

Micturition

process of making urine

9

Glomerulonephritis

an acute infection with streptococcus bacteria or viruses

10

Hydronephrosis

enlargement of the kidney due to constant pressure from urine backed u[ by obstruction

11

Nephrolithiasis

kidney stone or calculus formation in the urinary system

12

Renal Colic

pain and spasm of urinary organns associated with passage of a kidney stone

13

Congenital

present at birth

14

inherited

genetic

15

Pyelonephritis

inflammation and infection of the pelvis of the kidnes caused by a bacterial infection of the bladder

16

Uremia

excessive amts of urea in the blood bc of renal failure

17

Urinary retention

inability to empty the bladder

18

hypospadias

the male urethral meatus is on the underside of the shaft of the penis, not at the tip

19

Anuria

absence of urine production by the kidney

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Bacteriuria

presence of bactera in the urine

21

Dysuria

difficult or painful urination

22

Hematuria

blood in the urine

23

Hesitancy

inability to initiate a normal stream of urine

24

incontinence

inability to voluntarily retain urine in the bladder

25

Stress Incontinence

involv passing urine while sneezing, coughing, or laughing

26

Nocturia

increased frequency and urgency of urination during the night

27

Oliguria

decreased production of urine associated with kidney failure, although dehydration can cause temporary oliguria

28

Oliguria

decreased production of urine associated with kidney failure, although dehydration can cause temporary oliguria

29

Pyuria

white blood cells in the urine, indicating a urinary tract infection

30

py/o-

pus

31

Urinary Trat Infection (UTI)

general category of an infection anywhere in the urinary tract

32

Catheterization

medical procedure in which a catheter is inserted through the urethra and into the bladder to drain urine

33

Straight Cathetar

used to obtain a single urine specimen for testing in and out

34

supra pubic catheter

inserted through the abdominal wall and into the bladder used after bladder or prostate surgery

35

Foley catheter

aan indwelling catheter inserted through the urethra to the bladder to remain for a period of time

36

Condom catheter

a condom placed over the penis and collects the urine

37

Cystoscopy

surgical procedure that uses a rigid or flexible cystoscope inserted through the urethra in order to examine/visualize the bladder

38

-scopy

process of using an instrument to examine the actual procedure

39

-scope

instrument used to examine

40

Kidney transplantation

surgical procedure to remove a severely damaged kidney from a patient with end stage kidney failure and insert a new kidney from a donor

41

Lithotrpsy

medical or surgical procedure that uses sound waves to break up a kidney stone

42

Nephrectomy

surgical procedure to remove a diseased or cancerous kidney