Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (75):
1

Pulmon/o-

means living

2

-logy

means the study of

3

nas/o-

nose

4

pharyng/o-

pharynx (throat)

5

-itis

inflammation

6

mucosa

lines the nasal cavity

7

mucos/o-

mucous membrane

8

-al

pertaining to

9

larynx

voice box (leads to the trachea/ esophagus leads to the stomach

10

Trachea

a passageway for both inhaled and exhaled

11

bronchi/o-

bronchus

12

-ole

small thing

13

Alveoli

microscopic air sacs at the end of each bronchiole where oxygen from the air and CO2 from the body are exchanged

14

parenchym/o-

functional cells of any organ

15

stern/o-

breast bone

16

-um

a structure; period of time

17

cost/o-

rib

18

Thorac/o-

thorax (chest)

19

-ic

pertaining to

20

mediastin/o-

small cavity between the lungs

21

a-

away from, without

22

-pnea

breathing

23

inter-

between

24

eu-

normal, good

25

-pnea

breathing

26

Asthma

sudden onset of hyperactivity of the bronchi and the bronchioles

27

bronchitis

acute or chronic inflammation infection of bronchi

28

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonay disease

29

Bronchiectasis

chronic permanent enlargement and loss of elasticity

30

bronchi/o-

bronchus

31

-ectasis

condition of dilation

32

rales

creackling or bubble sounds on inspiration Wet or dry- hair rubbing

33

Rhonci

hummin, shoring sounds on inspiration or expiration

34

stridor

high pitched, harsh, crowing sound

35

wheezes

whistling or squeaking during inspiration or expir

36

Adult respiratory distress syndrome

alveoli damage due to infection or burn

37

Aletectasis

incomplete expansion or collapse of par of r all of a lung

38

atel/o-

incompete

39

-ectasis

condition of dilation

40

cyan/o-

blue

41

-osis

condition, process

42

anthrac/o-

coal

43

-osis

condition, process

44

Hemoptysis

cough up blood-tinged sputum

45

hem/o-

blood

46

-ptysis

abnormal condition coughing up

47

dyspnea

painful breathing

48

dys

difficult, painful

49

-pnea

breathing

50

hem/o-

blood

51

-thorax

chest

52

bradypnea

abnormally slow rate of breathing

53

Expectoration

coughing up sputum from lungs

54

orthopnea

breathing that is only comfortable in a straight position

55

orth/o-

straight

56

-pnea

breathing

57

Tachypnea

fast breathing

58

tachy-

fast

59

-pnea

breathing

60

carboxyhemoglobin level

blood test to measure level on CO in blood

61

carbox/y

CO

62

hem/o

blood

63

glob/o

shaped like globe; comprehensive

64

-in

a substance

65

Arterial blood gases

blood test t measure the partial pressure of the gases oxygen and CO2

66

Pulmonary function tests

diagnostic procedure to measure the capacity of the lungs and the volume of air that the lngs can move during inhalation and exhalation

67

pulse oximetry

measures the O2 saturation in Blood

68

Heimlich maneuver

procedure to assist a chocking victim with a complete obstruction somewhere between the pharynx and the lungs

69

vital signs

medical procedure during a physical examination in which the temperature, pulse, and respirations are measured

70

incentive spirometer

encourages deep breathing in a post surgical patient

71

pneumonectomy

surgical procedure to remove the entire/partial ling. Possible due to cancer NOT to treat asthma

72

Tracheotomy

incision intot he trachea

73

Tracheostomy

a surgically created opening is made either temporarily or permanent

74

trache/o-

trachea

75

-stomy

surgically created opening