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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (27):
1

What are the 3 body planes?

coronal, sagittal and transverse

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Coronal PLane

imaginary, vertical plane that divides the entire body into front and back sections

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ventr/o-

front

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dorsal

the back of the body

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dors/o-

back

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Prone position

lying with the anterior section of the body down

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Supine position

lying with the posterior section of the body down

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sagittal plane

imaginary, vertical plane that divides the entire body into right and left sides

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sagitt/o-

going from front to back

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Medial direction

moving from the side of the body toward the midline

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Lateral direction

moving from the midline toward he side of the body

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Transverseplane

an imaginary, horizontal plane that divides the entire body into top and botoom sections

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trans-

across, through

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-verse

to travel

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Superior section

upper half of the body

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Inferior section

lower half of the body

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Cephal/o-

head

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-ad

in the direction of, toward

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Caud/o-

talibone

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Distal direction

moving away from the body toward the end of a limb

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proximal direction

moving from the end of a limb toward where it is attached to the body

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diagnosis

the cause of the patient's symptoms and signs

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Exacerbation

a sudden worsening in the severity of the symptoms of signs

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sequela

an abnormal condition or complication that arises because of the original disease and remains after the original disease has resolved

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Remission

a temporary improvement in the symptoms and signs of a disease without the underlying disease being cured

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Relapse of Recurrence

a return of the original symptoms and signs of the disease

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Prognosis

the predicted outcome of a disease