Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (25):
1

endo-

intermost, within the organs and glands

2

crin/o-

secrete

3

aden/o-

a gland

4

adren/o-

adrenal gland

5

corpus luteum

produces and secretes estradiol and progesterone

6

stimulation

the process of exciting; hormones released by a gland or organ to release its hormones

7

inhibition

to hold back

8

synergism

process where two hormones work together

9

antagonism

process which two hormones exert opposite effects

10

galactorrhea

secretion of milk from the breasts

11

galact/o-

milk

12

gigantism

hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood and puberty

13

acromegaly

hypersecretion of growth hormone during adulthood

14

dwarfism

hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood and puberty

15

diabetes insipidus

hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormon (ADH)

16

polyuria

increase urination

17

Polydipsia

increase intake of fluid thirst

18

Graves disease

most common type of hyperthyroidism

19

-ophthalmos

eye

20

diabetes mellitus

hyposecretion of insulin , does not produce insulin enough, elevated level of glucose in the blood=hyperglycemia

21

Hyperglycemia

headache, dizziness, sweating, shakiness, and tunnel vision
drinkks often, increase thirts, hungary and eats often

22

diabetic neuropathy

nerve damage, decreased sensation to feet

23

diabetic retinopathy

retinal changes , poor eye sight

24

Gynecomastia

imbalance of androgens and tesosterone are converted to estradiol, hypersecretion of estradiol in yound males, enlargement of the male breasts

25

Glucose self testing

self test of the blood that measures the level of glucose in the blood