Chapter 10 Cardiovascular Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Cardiovascular Disorders Deck (26):
1

Acute coronary syndrome

Sudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to the heart indicating unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction

2

Aneurysm

Ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall

3

Angina pectoris

Chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle

4

Arrhythmia

Any disturbance or abnormality in the heart's normal rhythmic pattern

5

Atrial fibrillation

Cardiac arrhythmia characterized by chaotic, rapid electrical impulses in the atria

6

Cardiac arrest

Sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation, which requires CPR

7

Cardiac tamponade

Acute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity

8

Coarctation of the aorta

Congenital cardiac condition characterized by a narrowing of the aorta

9

Congenital heart disease

Heart abnormality present at birth

10

Coronary heart disease

Condition that reduces the flow of blood through the coronary arteries to the myocardium that may progress to denying the heart tissue sufficient oxygen and nutrients to function normally

11

Deep vein thrombosis

Condition of thrombus in a deep vein, most often in the lower extremities. A clot or part of one can break off and travel to the lungs causing a pulmonary embolism

12

Heart failure

Condition in which there is an inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs with nutrients and oxygen

13

Hypertensive heart disease

Disorder of the heart cause by persistent high blood pressure

14

Intermittent claudication

Pain and discomfort in calf muscles while walking, a condition seen in peripheral arterial disease

15

Ischemia

Condition in deficient blood flow due to constriction or obstruction of a blood vessel

16

Mitral valve stenosis

Narrowing of the mitral valve from scarring, usually caused by episodes of rheumatic fever

17

Myocardial infarction

Death of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting from an interrupted blood supply

18

Rheumatic heart disease

Damage to the hear muscle or heart valves caused by one or more episodes of rheumatic fever

19

Varicose veins

Distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities

20

Anemia

Condition in which there is a reduction in the number of erythrocytes

21

Embolus

Blood clot or foreign material, such as air or fat, that enters the bloodstream and moves until it lodges at another point of circulation

22

Hemophilia

Inherited blood disease most commonly caused by a deficiency of the coagulation factor VII

23

Leukemia

Malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal leukocytes formed in the bone marrow

24

Sepsis

Condition in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria, enter the bloodstream, causing a systematic inflammatory response to the infection

25

Hodgkin disease

Malignant disorder of the lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes

26

Infectious mononucleosis

Acute infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus characterized by swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, fatigue and fever

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