Chapter 14 MS Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 MS Disorders Deck (16):
1

Ankylosing spondylitis

Form of arthritis that first affects the spine, as it progresses it causes a forward bend of the spine

2

Bunion

Abnormal prominence of the joint at the base of the great toe

3

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Common nerve entrapment disorder of the wrist caused by compression of the median nerve

4

Colles fracture

Type of wrist fracture

5

Exostosis

Abnormal benign growth on the surface of a bone

6

Fracture

Broken bone

7

Gout

Disease in which an excessive amount of uric acidic the blood causes sodium urate crystals to be deposited in the joints, causing arthritis

8

Herniated disk

Rupture of the intervertebral disk cartilage, which allows the contents to protrude through it, putting pressure on the spinal nerve roots

9

Lyme disease

An infection caused by bacterium. Symptoms may include fever, headache, joint pain and fatigue.

10

Muscular dystrophy

Group of hereditary diseases characterized by degeneration of muscle and weakness

11

Myasthenia Gravis

Chronic diseases characterized by muscle weakness and thought to be a caused by a defect in the transmission of impulses from nerve to muscle cell.

12

Osteoporosis

Abnormal loss of bone density that may lead to an increase in fractures of the ribs, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, hips and wrists after slight trauma

13

Plantar fasciitis

Inflammation of plantar fascia, connective tissue of the sole of the foot, due to repetitive injury, causing heel pain

14

Rheumatoid arthritis

Chronic systematic disease characterized by autoimmune inflammatory changes in the connective tissue throughout the body

15

Spinal stenosis

Narrowing of the spinal canal with compression of nerve roots. Causes pain and tingling.

16

Spondylolisthesis

Forward slipping of one vertebrae over another

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