Flashcards in Chapter 11 Digestive Disorders Deck (20):
Abnormal growing together of two peritoneal surfaces that are normally separated.
Malabsorption syndrome caused by an immune reaction to gluten (a protein in wheat, rye, and barley) that may damage the lining of the small intestine that is responsible for absorption of food into the bloodstream.
Chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells and formation of scar tissue.
Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ileum and colon
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus causing heartburn.
Iron metabolism disorder that occurs when too much iron is absorbed from food. Can cause heart failure, diabetes, cirrhosis or cancer of the liver.
Swollen or distended veins in the rectal area which may be internal or external and be a source of rectal bleeding and pain
Non mechanical obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalsis
Telescoping of a section of the intestine
Irritable bowel syndrome
Periodic disturbances of bowel function, such as diarrhea or constipation usually associated with abdominal pain
Excess of body fat
Erosion of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum associated with increased secretion of acid from the stomach, bacterial infection or non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs
Tumor like growth extending outward from a mucous membrane, usually benign, common sites are in the nose, throat and intestines.
Inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers that produces bloody diarrhea.
Twisting or kinking of the intestine causing obstruction
Removal of the distal colon and rectum through both abdominal and perineal approaches.
Connection created by surgically joining two structures, such as blood vessels or bowel segments.
Surgical reduction of gastric capacity to treat morbid obesity
Excision of hemorrhoids, the swollen or distended veins in the recital regions