Chapter 11 Digestive Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Digestive Disorders Deck (20):
1

Adhesion

Abnormal growing together of two peritoneal surfaces that are normally separated.

2

Celiac disease

Malabsorption syndrome caused by an immune reaction to gluten (a protein in wheat, rye, and barley) that may damage the lining of the small intestine that is responsible for absorption of food into the bloodstream.

3

Cirrhosis

Chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells and formation of scar tissue.

4

Crohn disease

Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ileum and colon

5

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus causing heartburn.

6

Hemochromatosis

Iron metabolism disorder that occurs when too much iron is absorbed from food. Can cause heart failure, diabetes, cirrhosis or cancer of the liver.

7

Hemorrhoids

Swollen or distended veins in the rectal area which may be internal or external and be a source of rectal bleeding and pain

8

Ileus

Non mechanical obstruction of the intestine, often caused by failure of peristalsis

9

Intussusception

Telescoping of a section of the intestine

10

Irritable bowel syndrome

Periodic disturbances of bowel function, such as diarrhea or constipation usually associated with abdominal pain

11

Obesity

Excess of body fat

12

Peptic ulcer

Erosion of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum associated with increased secretion of acid from the stomach, bacterial infection or non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs

13

Polyp

Tumor like growth extending outward from a mucous membrane, usually benign, common sites are in the nose, throat and intestines.

14

Ulcerative colitis

Inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers that produces bloody diarrhea.

15

Volvulus

Twisting or kinking of the intestine causing obstruction

16

Abdominoperineal reaction

Removal of the distal colon and rectum through both abdominal and perineal approaches.

17

Anastomosis

Connection created by surgically joining two structures, such as blood vessels or bowel segments.

18

Bariatric surgery

Surgical reduction of gastric capacity to treat morbid obesity

19

Hemorrhoidectomy

Excision of hemorrhoids, the swollen or distended veins in the recital regions

20

Vagotomy

Cutting of certain branches of the vagus nerve, performed with gastric surgery, to reduce the amount of gastric acid produced and thus reduce the recurrence of ulcers

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