Chapter 6 Urinary Organs Flashcards Preview

Medical Terms > Chapter 6 Urinary Organs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Urinary Organs Deck (9):
1

Kidneys

Two bean shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column. Their function is to remove waste products from the blood and to aid in maintaining water and electrolyte balance

2

Nephron

Urine producing microscopic structure. There's one million in each kidney.

3

Glomerulus

Clusters of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. The process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.

4

Renal pelvis

Funnel shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter

5

Hilum

Indentation on the medial side of the kidney where the renal artery, vein, and pelvis are located, and the ureter leaves the kidney

6

Ureters

Two slender tubes that receive urine from the kidney and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder

7

Urinary bladder

Muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds urine. As it fills the thick muscular wall becomes thinner and the organ increases in size.

8

Urethra

Lowest part of the urinary tract, through which urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. This narrow tube varies in length by sex.

9

Urinary meatus

Opening through which urine passes to the outside

Decks in Medical Terms Class (57):