Chapter 4 Integumentary Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Integumentary Disorders Deck (31):
1

Abrasion

Scraping away of the skin my mechanical process or injury

2

Abscess

Localized collection of pus

3

Acne

Inflammatory disease of the skin involving the sebaceous glands and hair follicles

4

Actinic keratosis

Precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure to sunlight

5

Albinism

Congenital hereditary condition characterized by partial or total lack of pigmentation in the skin, hair, and eyes

6

Basal cell carcinoma

Epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis. It seldom metastasizes but invades local tissue, common in individuals who have had excessive sun exposure

7

Candidiasis

Infection of the skin, mouth (thrush) or vagina caused by yeast type fungus

8

Carbuncle

Skin infection composed of clusters of boils caused by staphylococcal bacteria

9

Cellulitis

Inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, characterized by redness, swelling, and fever

10

Contusion

Injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration (bruise)

11

Eczema

Non infectious, inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scabs and itching

12

Fissure

Slit or crack like sore in the skin

13

Furuncle

Painful skin node caused by staphylococcal bacteria in a hair follicle (boil)

14

Gangrene

Death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply followed by bacterial invasion, a form of necrosis

15

Herpes

Inflammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus characterized by small blisters in clusters. (Herpes simplex and zoster)

16

Impetigo

Superficial skin infection characterized by pustules and caused by either staphylococci or streptococci

17

Infection

Invasion of pathogens in body tissue

18

Kaposi sarcoma

Cancerous condition starting as purple or brown papules on the lower extremities that spreads through the skin to lymph nodes and internal organs

19

Laceration

Torn, ragged edged wound

20

Lesion

Any visible change in tissue resulting from injury or disease. It includes sores, wounds, ulcers, and tumors.

21

MRSA infection

Invasion of body tissue by methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus, a strain of common bacteria that has developed resistance to methicillin and other antibiotics. It can produce skin and soft tissue infections and sometimes bloodstream infections and pneumonia, which can be fatal if not treated.

22

Pediculosis

Invasion into the skin and hair by lice

23

Psoriasis

Chronic skin condition producing red lesions covered with silvery scales

24

Rosacea

Chronic disorder of the skin that produces erythema, papules, pustules, and broken blood vessels

25

Scabies

Skin infection caused by itch mite, characterized by papules eruptions that are caused by the females burrowing into the outer layer of skin and laying eggs. Severe itching

26

Scleroderma

Disease characterized by chronic hardening of the connective tissue of the skin and other body organs

27

malignant growth that develops from scalelike epithelial tissue. Significant potential for metastasis. Frequent cause is chronic exposure to sunlight.

Squamous cell carcinoma

28

Systemic lupus erythematatosus

Chronic inflammatory disease involving the skin, joints, kidneys, and nervous system. This autoimmune disease is characterized by periods of remission and exacerbations.

29

Tinea

Fungal infection of the skin. This fungi may infect keratin of the skin, hairs and nails. Tinea capitis (scalp), tinea corporis (body) and tinea pedis (foot) (athletes foot). Ringworm

30

Urticaria

Itchy skin eruption composed of wheals (an individual hive) of varying sizes and shapes. Sometimes associated with infections and with allergic reactions to food, medicine or other agents.

31

Vitiligo

White patches on the skin caused by the destruction of melanocytes associated with autoimmune disorders

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