Chapter 5 Repsiratory Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Repsiratory Disorders Deck (19):
1

Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS

Respiratory failure as a result of disease or injury

2

Asthma

Respiratory disease characterized by coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath, caused by constriction and inflammation of airways that is reversible between attacks

3

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Progressive lung disease restricting air flow which makes breathing difficult

4

Coccidioidomycosis

Fungal disease of the lungs

5

Cor pulmonale

Serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders

6

Croup

Condition resulting from acute constriction of the larynx

7

Cystic fibrosis

Hereditary disease of the exocrine glands characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract

8

Deviated septum

One part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury

9

Emphysema

Stretching of the lung tissue caused by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity and as a result the body does not receive enough oxygen

10

Epistaxis or rhinorrhagia

Nosebleed

11

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Chronic progressive lung disorder characterized by increasing scarring which reduces lung capacity

12

Influenza

Highly contagious and often severe viral infection of the respiratory tract

13

Obstructive sleep apnea

Repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing

14

Pertussis

Highly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tract characterized by an acute crowing or whooping

15

Pleural effusion

Fluid in the pleura caused by a disease process or trauma

16

Pulmonary edema

Fluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles most often a manifestation of heart failure

17

Pulmonary embolism

Matter foreign to the circulation, carried to the pulmonary artery and its branches, where it blocks circulation and can be fatal

18

Tuberculosis

Infectious bacterial disease most commonly spread by inhalation of small particles and usually affecting the lungs

19

Upper respiratory infection

Infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx or larynx, commonly called a cold

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