Chapter 6 Urinary Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Urinary Diseases Deck (17):
1

Epispadias

Congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis

2

Hypospadias

Congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis

3

Polycystic kidney disease

Condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged

4

Renal calculus

Stone in the kidney

5

Renal failure

Loss of kidney function resulting in its inability to remove waste products from the body and maintain electrolyte balance

6

Renal hypertension

Elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease

7

Urinary retention

Abnormal accumulation or urine in the bladder because of an inability to urinate

8

Urinary suppression

Sudden stoppage or urine formation

9

Urinary tract infection

Infection of one or more organs of the urinary tract

10

Acute renal failure

Sudden and severe reduction in renal function resulting in a collection of metabolic waste in the body

11

Chronic kidney disease

A progressive irreversible loss of renal function and the onset of uremia

12

End stage renal disease

Is what chronic renal failure is called when kidney function is too poor to sustain life

13

KUB kidney, ureter, bladder

Simple radio graphic image of the abdomen. Often used to view the three to determine size, shape and location or to diagnose intestinal obstruction

14

Blood urea nitrogen

Blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood. An increase detects abnormality in renal function

15

Creatinine

Blood test that measures the amount of creatinine in the blood. Elevated amount may indicated impaired kidney function.

16

Specific gravity

Test performed on a urine specimen to measure the concentrating or diluting ability of the kidneys

17

Urinalysis

Multiple routine tests performed on a urine specimen. Provides screening for blood, glucose, protein, and other substances in the urine and offers a picture of overall health

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