Chapter 10 Def First Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 10 Def First > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 Def First Deck (51):
1

stiffening and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma, surgery, or abnormal bone fusion

ankylosis

2

painful condition resulting from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel (wrist canal through which the flexor tendons and the median nerve pass)

carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

3

lameness, limping

claudication

4

fibrosis of CT in the skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint

contracture

5

dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture or joint destruction

crepitation

6

use of electrical stimulation to record the strength of muscle contraction

electromyography

7

increase in severity of a disease or any of its symptoms

exacerbation

8

tumor of tendon sheath or joint capsule, commonly found in the wrist (to treat: inject with anti-inflammatory agent)

ganglion cyst

9

effusion of blood into a joint cavity

hemarthrosis

10

loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching

hypotonia

11

primary malignant tumor that infiltrates the bone and red bone marrow (progressive, typically fatal disease that causes multiple tumor masses and bone fractures)

multiple myeloma

12

bony outgrowth that occasionally develops on the vertebra and may exert pressure on the spinal cord also called bone spur

osteophyte

13

perceived sensation, following amputation of a limb, that the limb still exists

phantom limb

14

replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute, such as an artificial extremity

prosthesis

15

form of osteomalacia in children caused by vit D deficiency, also called rachitis

rickets

16

fragment of necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue

sequestrum

17

any slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra from its normal position in relationship to the one beneath it

spondylolisthesis

18

degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related to tissues (may cause pressure on nerve roots w/subsequent pain or paresthesia in the extremities)

spondylosis

19

tearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete

sprain

20

to exert physical force in a manner that may result in injury, usually muscular

strain

21

partial or incomplete dislocation

subluxation

22

congenital deformity of one or both feet in which the foot is pulled downward and laterally to the side; also called clubfoot (the heel never rests on the ground - treatment: casts to straighten the foot)

talipes equinovarus

23

cartilaginous sarcoma

chondrosarcoma

24

describes a bone that has splintered into pieces

comminuted fracture

25

type of sarcoma that attacks the shafts rather than the ends of long bones

Ewing sarcoma

26

metabolic disease caused by accumulation of uric acid, usually in the big toe

gout

27

bone that is partially bent and partially broken; occurs in children

greenstick fracture

28

development and production of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow

hematopoiesis

29

exaggeration of the thoracic curve of the vertebral column; hunpback

kyphosis

30

disease causing degeneration of muscles

muscular dystrophy

31

chronic neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness manifested in ocular muscles

myasthenia gravis

32

death of cells, tissues, or organs

necrosis

33

disease caused by a decrease in bone density; occurs in the eldery

osteoporosis

34

formation of pus

pyogenic

35

deviation of the spine to the right or left

scoliosis

36

inflammation of the vertebrae

spondylitis

37

radiograph of spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium

myelography

38

treatment of bone fractures by use of surgery to place bones in normal position

open reduction

39

used to treat rheumatoid arthritis by inhibiting activity with the immune system

gold salts

40

painful disorder of the wrist and hand due to compression of the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel

CTS

41

excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra

laminectomy

42

series of joint radiographs preceded by injection of a radiopaque substance or air into the joint cavity

arthrography

43

surgical binding or immobilizing of a joint

arthrodesis

44

partial or complete removal of a limb

amputation

45

herniated nucleus pulposus

HNP

46

relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce inflammation

salicylates

47

visual examination of a joint's interior, especially the knee

arthroscopy

48

excising a segment of necrosed bone

sequestrectomy

49

anterior cruciate ligament

ACL

50

relieve muscle spasms and stiffness

relaxants

51

manipulative treatment of bone fractures by placing the bones in normal position without incision

closed reduction