Chapter 6- Def First Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6- Def First Deck (51):
1

lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat

anorexia

2

inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection

appendicitis

3

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

ascites

4

rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine

borborygmus

5

physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass; commonly associated with AIDS and cancer (state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting)

cachexia

6

presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct (may or may not produce symptoms)

cholelithiasis

7

scarring and dysfunction of the liver cause by chronic liver disease (commonly caused by chronic alcoholism)

cirrhosis

8

spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ especially in the colon, accompanied by pain

colic

9

chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract, also called regional enteritis (may cause fever, cramping, diarrhea, and weight loss)

Crohn disease

10

act of swallowing

deglutition

11

inflammation of the intestine, especially the colon, that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites, which results in bloody diarrhea.

dysentery

12

epigastric discomfort felt after eating; also called indigestion (poor digestion)

dyspepsia

13

inability or difficulty in swallowing; also called aphagia

dysphagia

14

producing gas from the stomach, usually with a characteristic sound; also called belching

eructation

15

fecal concretion

fecalith

16

gas in the GI tract; expelling of air from a body orifice, especially the anus

flatus

17

backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

18

offensive, or bad breath

halitosis

19

vomiting of blood from bleeding in the stomach or esophagus

hematemesis

20

symptom complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function (typically constipation, diarrhea, or alternating constipation and diarrhea) for which no organic cause can be determined; also called spastic colon

irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

21

symptom complex of the small intestine characterized by the impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through intestinal villi into the blood or lymph

malabsorption syndrome

22

passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices

melena

23

excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20% or more above ideal body weight

obesity

24

BMI of 40 or greater, generally 100lbs or more over ideal body weight

morbid obesity

25

severe constipation; may be caused by an intestinal obstruction

obstipation

26

formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips, or cheek caused primarily by irritation

oral leukoplakia

27

progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially in the GI tract

peristalsis

28

stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter at the outlet of the stomach, causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine

pyloric stenosis

29

backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach

regurgitation

30

passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it.

steatorrhea

31

open sore

lesion

32

percutaneous transhepatic radiographic examination of bile ducts

PTHC

33

breakdown of hemoglobin, excreted from the body as bile

bilirubin

34

agents that produce vomiting

emetics

35

agents that alleviate muscle spasms

antispasmodics

36

surgical reconstruction of a bile duct

choledochoplasty

37

administration of barium enema while a series of radiographs are taken of the large intestine

lower GI series

38

visual examination of the stomach

gastroscopy

39

surgical reconstruction of the mouth

stomatoplasty

40

insertion of a tube into any hollow organ

intubation

41

surgical formation of a passage or opening between two hollow viscera or vessels

anastomosis

42

detects presence of blood in teh feces; also called Hemoccult

stool guaiac

43

visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument

endoscopy

44

used to treat constipation

laxatives

45

neutralize excess acid in the stomach and help to relieve gastritis and ulcer pain

antacids

46

procedure in which high-frequency sound waves produce images of internal body structures that are displayed on a monitor

ultrasonography

47

measures the levels of certain enzymes, bilirubin, and various proteins

liver function tests

48

surgery that treats morbid obesity

bariatric

49

immediately

stat.

50

endoscopic procedure for visualization of the rectosigmoid colon

proctosigmoidoscopy

51

barium solution swallowed for radiographic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum

upper GI series