Chapter 7 Definition First Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Definition First Deck (62):
1

excessive acidity of body fluids

acidosis

2

absence of the sense of smell

anosmia

3

temporary loss of breathing

apnea

4

sleeping disorder in which breathing stops repeatedly for more than 10 seconds, causing measurable blood deoxygenation

sleep apnea

5

1. obstructive (enlarged tonsils and adenoids)2. central (failure of the brain to transmit impulses for breathing)3. mixed (combination of obstructive and central)

What are the 3 types of apnea?

6

condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen

asphyxia

7

collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affect all or part of a lung

atelectasis

8

repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration, first deeply, then shallow, then not at all

cheyne-Stokes respiration

9

ease with which lung tissue can be stretched

compliance

10

head cold; upper respiratory infection

coryza

11

abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli; also called rale

crackle

12

common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages, and sometimes lungs

croup

13

displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils

deviated nasal septum

14

severe, life-threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occur most commonly in children between 2 and 12

epiglottitis

15

nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage

epistaxis

16

enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes, commonly associated with pulmonary disease

finger clubbing

17

deficiency of oxygen in the blood

hypoxemia

18

deficiency of oxygen in tissues

hypoxia

19

acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound; also called whooping cough

pertussis

20

inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis

pleurisy

21

disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust (anthrocosis), stone dust (chalicosis), iron dust (siderosis), and asbestos particles (asbestosis)

pneumoconiosis

22

accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissue and alveoli, caused most commonly by heart failure, and induces cough and dyspnea

pulmonary edema

23

blockage in an artery of the lung caused by a mass of undissolved matter (such as a blood clot, tissue, air bubbles, and bacteria)

pulmonary embolus

24

coarse, rattling noise that resembles snoring

rhonchus

25

high-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway

stridor

26

completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months of age; also called crib death

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

27

whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway

wheeze

28

intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen

Mantoux test

29

noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen; also called pulse oximetry

oximetry

30

test of sleep cycles and stages

polysomnography

31

multiple tests used to evaluate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane

pulmonary function tests

32

measurement of ventilatory ability by assessing lung capacity and flow, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air

spirometry

33

visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope (through the nose or mouth and trachea)

bronchoscopy

34

visual examination of the larynx to detect tumors, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities

laryngoscopy

35

visual examination of the mediastinal structures including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes

mediastinoscopy

36

irrigating or washing out of an organ, stomach, bladder, bowel, or body cavity with a stream of water or other fluid

lavage

37

irrigation or washing of the antrum (maxillary sinus) in chronic or non responsive sinusitis

antral lavage

38

positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs

postural drainage

39

excision of part of the pleura, usually parietal

pleurectomy

40

excision of a lung

pneumectomy

41

reconstruction of the nose to correct deformities or for cosmetic purposes

rhinoplasty

42

surgical repair of a deviated nasal septum usually performed when septum is encroaching on a breathing passages or nasal structures

septoplasty

43

surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity; also called peurocentesis or thoracocentesis

thoracentesis

44

surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted

tracheostomy

45

pus in the pleural cavity

empyema

46

phospholipid that allows the lungs to expand with ease

surfactant

47

loss of sponginess of lungs due to engorgement

consolidation

48

listening to chest sounds using a stethoscope

auscultation

49

granulomas associated with tuberculosis

tubercles

50

disease characterized by a decrease in alveolar elasticity

emphysema

51

imaging procedure that uses radionuclide to evaluate blood flow in the lungs

lung scan

52

producing images using an x-ray machine

radiography

53

relieves sneezing, runny nose, itchiness, and rashes

antihistamine

54

relieves or suppresses coughing

antitussive

55

used primarily in children to confirm cystic fibrosis

sweat test

56

TB organism

AFB

57

inhalation of medication directly into the respiratory system via a nebulizer

aerosol therapy

58

decreases mucous membrane swelling by constricting blood vessels

decongestant

59

laboratory tests to assess gases and pH of arterial blood

ABGs

60

reduces the viscosity of sputum to facilitate productive coughing

expectorant

61

used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci

throat culture

62

multiple tests used to determine the ability of lungs and capillary membranes to exchange oxygen

pulmonary function tests