Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (51):
1

anorexia

lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat

2

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection

3

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

4

borborygmus

rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine

5

cachexia

physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass; commonly associated with AIDS and cancer (state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting)

6

cholelithiasis

presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct (may or may not produce symptoms)

7

cirrhosis

scarring and dysfunction of the liver cause by chronic liver disease (commonly caused by chronic alcoholism)

8

colic

spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ especially in the colon, accompanied by pain

9

Crohn disease

chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract, also called regional enteritis (may cause fever, cramping, diarrhea, and weight loss)

10

deglutition

act of swallowing

11

dysentery

inflammation of the intestine, especially the colon, that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites, which results in bloody diarrhea.

12

dyspepsia

epigastric discomfort felt after eating; also called indigestion (poor digestion)

13

dysphagia

inability or difficulty in swallowing; also called aphagia

14

eructation

producing gas from the stomach, usually with a characteristic sound; also called belching

15

fecalith

fecal concretion

16

flatus

gas in the GI tract; expelling of air from a body orifice, especially the anus

17

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the inferior portion of the esophagus

18

halitosis

offensive, or bad breath

19

hematemesis

vomiting of blood from bleeding in the stomach or esophagus

20

irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

symptom complex marked by abdominal pain and altered bowel function (typically constipation, diarrhea, or alternating constipation and diarrhea) for which no organic cause can be determined; also called spastic colon

21

malabsorption syndrome

symptom complex of the small intestine characterized by the impaired passage of nutrients, minerals, or fluids through intestinal villi into the blood or lymph

22

melena

passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices

23

obesity

excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20% or more above ideal body weight

24

morbid obesity

BMI of 40 or greater, generally 100lbs or more over ideal body weight

25

obstipation

severe constipation; may be caused by an intestinal obstruction

26

oral leukoplakia

formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips, or cheek caused primarily by irritation

27

peristalsis

progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially in the GI tract

28

pyloric stenosis

stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter at the outlet of the stomach, causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine

29

regurgitation

backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach

30

steatorrhea

passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it.

31

lesion

open sore

32

PTHC

percutaneous transhepatic radiographic examination of bile ducts

33

bilirubin

breakdown product of hemoglobin, excreted from the body as bile

34

emetics

agents that produce vomiting

35

antispasmodics

agents that alleviate muscle spasms

36

choledochoplasty

surgical reconstruction of a bile duct

37

lower GI series

administration of barium enema while a series of radiographs are taken of the large intestine

38

gastroscopy

visual examination of the stomach

39

stomatoplasty

surgical reconstruction of the mouth

40

intubation

insertion of a tube into any hollow organ

41

anastomosis

surgical formation of a passage or opening between two hollow viscera or vessels

42

stool guaiac

detects presence of blood in teh feces; also called Hemoccult

43

endoscopy

visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument

44

laxatives

used to treat constipation

45

antacids

neutralize excess acid in the stomach and help to relieve gastritis and ulcer pain

46

ultrasonography

procedure in which high-frequency sound waves produce images of internal body structures that are displayed on a monitor

47

liver function tests

measures the levels of certain enzymes, bilirubin, and various proteins

48

bariatric

surgery that treats morbid obesity

49

stat.

immediately

50

proctosigmoidoscopy

endoscopic procedure for visualization of the rectosigmoid colon

51

upper GI series

barium solution swallowed for radiographic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum