Chapter 10: Intelligence Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Chapter 10: Intelligence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10: Intelligence Deck (54):
1

Intelligence

Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge... to adapt

2

Intelligence Test

Method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others on a numerical scale

3

Factor Analysis

Statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items... used to identify different dimensions of performance that underline... a score

4

Savant Syndrome

Condition in which a person otherwise limited in a mental ability has an exceptional specific skill

5

Creativity

The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas

6

Emotional Intelligence

Ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use given level of performanceemotions

7

Mental Age

Chronological age that most typically corresponds to a

8

Stanford-Binet

Widely used American revision (by Louis Terman at Stanford) of Binet's original intelligence test

9

General Intelligence

General intelligence factor...underlies specific mental abilities and is ... measured by every task on an intelligence task

10

Achievement Test

A test designed to assess what a person has learned

11

Aptitude Test

A test designed to predict a person's future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn

12

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

WAIS is the most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance subtests

13

Standardization

Defined, meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested group

14

Normal Curve

Symmetrical, bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes

15

Reliability

Extent to which a test yields consistent results... varified using two halves of a test, or retesting

16

Validity

Extent to which a test measures or predicts what it's supposed to

17

Content Validity

Extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest

18

Predictive Validity

Success with which a test predicts the behavior it was supposed to predict... correlation and criterion

19

Intelligence Quotient

Ratio of mental age to chronological age.. average is 100

20

Crystallized Intelligence

Our accumulated knowledge and verbal skills; tends to increase with age

21

Fluid Intelligence

Our ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends to decrease during late adulthood

22

Intellectual Disability

condition of limited mental ability indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound

23

Down Syndrome

Condition of mild to severe intellectual disability and associated physical disorders caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21

24

Stereotype Threat

Self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype

25

Grit

Drive to do something; motivation

26

Criterion

What at est measures/needs to measure

27

Flynn Effect

Increase in fluid and crystallized intelligence scores from the 1930's

28

Central Executive

The part of working memory that controls all other parts of the memory; math and problem solving

29

Chronological Age

Biological age

30

Autism Spectrum Disorder

The different variations of Autism across a wide spectrum

31

G

Acronym for General Intelligence

32

WISC and WASC

Acronyms for different intelligence tests

33

WWI Army Test

Intelligence test to determine ability to be in the army

34

Prodigy

Someone who is exceptionally good at something

35

Primary Mental Abilities

LL Thurstone- explains almost all cognitive differences (Similar and basic intelligence) based on the 7 main intelligences

36

Objectivity

Criticizing/evaluating information

37

Normal Distribution

Normal bell curve

38

Skewed Distribution

A curve that leans one way on a standard deviation graph or scale

39

Eugenics

Belief that only the intelligent should breed

40

Mental Retardation

Old word for mental disability, current categorized based on IQ scores. Mild (50-70) Moderate (50-30) Severe (30-20) and Profound (anything less than 20)

41

Convergent Thinking

Giving correct answers to standard questions without creativity

42

Divergent Thinking

Thinking outside the box, creative answers

43

Multiple Intelligences

Many different types of intelligences (styles/abilities). The most common are the 8 (musical, visual, verbal, logical, bodily, etc)

44

Bell Curve Controversy

Intelligence in 68% and other standard deviations, always falls in a curve

45

Social Intelligence

Ability to get along well with others and get them to cooperate with others

46

Triarchic Theory of Intelligence

Sternberg's model which says that the intelligences are analytical, creativity, and practical

47

Analytical Intelligence

Thinking abstractly and evaluating information

48

Practical Intelligence

Coping with current issues and concrete issues

49

Creativity Intelligence

Ability to invent novel ideas/solutions

50

Culture-Fair Test

A test that is equally fair to all cultural groups

51

Culture-Free Test

A test that doesn't put anyone at a disadvantage as a result of their culture

52

Culture-Relevant Test

Modeled partly to be relevant to a chosen cultural context

53

Creativity Quotient

Measure of the score on a creativity test- measure of creativity

54

CQ

Acronym for Creativity Quotient