Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders Deck (26):
1

Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)

A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity

2

Psychological Disorder

Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors

3

Medical Model

The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital

4

DSM-IV-TR

The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, with an updated 'text revision' a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders

5

Anxiety Disorders

Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety

6

Generalized Anxiety Disorders

An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal

7

Panic Disorder

An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable, minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking,or other frightening sensations

8

Phobia

An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation

9

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)

10

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

An anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience

11

Post-Traumatic Growth

Positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises

12

Mood Disorders

Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes. See major depressive disorder, mania, and bipolar disorder

13

Major Depressive Disorder

A mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or another medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods or diminished interest or pleasure in most activities, along with at least four other symptoms

14

Mania

A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state

15

Bipolar Disorder

A mood disorder in which a person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania (Formerly called manic-depressive disorder)

16

Schizophrenia

A severe disorder characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and behaviors

17

Psychosis

A psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions

18

Delusions

False beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders

19

Disossociative Disorders

Disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (disassociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings

20

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)

A rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Formerly called multiple personality disorder

21

Anorexia Nervosa

An eating disorder in which a person (usually an adolescent female) maintains a starvation diet despite being significantly (15% or more) underweight

22

Bulimia Nervosa

An eating disorder in which a person alternates binge eating (usually of high-calorie foods) with purging (by vomiting or laxative use) or fasting

23

Binge-Eating Disorder

Significant binge-eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging or fasting that marks bulimia nervosa

24

Personality Disorders

Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning

25

Antisocial Personality Disorder

A personality disorder in which a person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist

26

DSM-V-TR

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition (Updated from the APA's previous DSM-IV). See notes for differences!