Chapter 3: Consciousness Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Chapter 3: Consciousness > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3: Consciousness Deck (86)
Loading flashcards...
1

consciousness

Being aware of your surroundings and yourself

2

Behaviorism

Study of behavior and how it reflects psychology

3

Neuroscience

Study of the brain and how it functions biologically

4

Hypnosis

Process by which one sees suggestion to convince others that a behavior, feeling, or thought will occur

5

Cognition

Mental processes that are what makes/creates more intelligence through external senses and stimulation

6

Levels of Consciousness

Similar to the iceberg model, shows how we react to stimuli or not- consciousness, preconscious, unconscious, nonconscious

7

Subconscious

Part of consciousness that processes stimuli without us knowing and also containing our internal desires and/or ideas that we don't know about

8

Altered States of Consciousness

States of being where we don't fit the definition of consciousness, such as sleep, hypnosis, and drug using

9

Biological Clock

Our internal clock that controls our internal state (energies, hormones, etc.) AKA Circadian Rythms

10

Annual Cycles

Occurrences/cycles that repeat each year

11

Seasonal Effective Disorder

Depression/mood shifts in winter, mainly due to diet and lack of vitamin D

12

28 Day Cycle

A series of events that repeats after 28 days AKA the menstrual cycle

13

Menstrual Cycle

28 day cycle where a woman's uterine lining and egg is released

14

PMS

Hormones that are released as a result of the ovaries releasing an egg

15

24 hour cycle

Circadian Rhythms, or events that repeat every 24 hours

16

90 Minute Cycle

Occurs during sleep (sleep pattern), length of REM

17

Stages of Sleep

NREM 1-3(4) and REM w/ different functions of each stage

18

Circadian Rhythms

Our internal clock that regulates our peaks and lows over a 25 hour cycle

19

Jet Lag

Sleepiness and discomfort as a result of being shifted into a different time zone while not having an adjusted circadian rhythm

20

Pineal Gland

Stimulated by suprachiasmatic nucleus to produce melatonin

21

Melatonin

Hormone that is released to induce sleep

22

Neurotransmitter

Chemical Messenger

23

Suprachiasmatic Nucleus

Part of the hypothalamus that controls sleep/pineal gland

24

Sunday Night Insomnia

When people can't go to sleep on time on Sunday due to having stayed up late nearly all weekend

25

Monday Morning Blues

Feeling poor Monday Morning due to lack of proper sleep

26

REM

Rapid Eye Movement, paradoxical sleep, body twitches some but mainly relaxed as the mind has dreams- once every sleep cycle, body still active

27

EEG Scans

Scans of electric activity in the brain during sleep to see what and how much of the brain is active during sleep and its different parts

28

Alpha Waves

Slow and relaxed brain waves while one is awake

29

Sleep

Necessary process/loss of consciousness from which we can come back (Not a coma)

30

PET Scan

Scan of the brain to see what parts of it are active during sleep stages