Chapter 10: Language in Society Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10: Language in Society Deck (8)
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1

idiolect*

An individual’s way of speaking, reflecting that person’s grammar.

2

dialect*

A variety of a language whose grammar differs in systematic ways from other varieties. Differences may be lexical, phonological, syntactic, and semantic. See regional dialect, social dialect, prestige dialect.

3

Standard American English (SAE)*

An idealized dialect of English that some prescriptive
grammarians consider the proper form of English.

4

African American English (AAE)*

Dialects of English spoken by some Americans of African descent, or by any person raised from infancy in a place where AAE is spoken. See Ebonics.

5

codeswitching*

The movement back and forth between two languages or dialects within the same sentence or discourse.

6

register*

A stylistic variant of a language appropriate to a particular social setting. Also called style.

7

jargon*

Special words peculiar to the members of a profession or group, e.g., glottis for phoneticians. See argot. Also, the nonsense words sometimes used by Wernicke’s aphasics.

8

slang

Words and phrases used in casual speech, often invented and spread by close-knit social or age groups, and fast-changing.