Chapter 12: Writing - The ABCs of Language Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12: Writing - The ABCs of Language Deck (10)
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1

petroglyphs*

A drawing on rock made by prehistoric people.

2

pictograms*

A symbol in a writing system that resembles the object represented in a direct way; a nonarbitrary form of writing.

3

ideograms / ideograph*

A character of a word-writing system, often highly stylized, that represents a concept, or the pronunciation of the word representing that concept.

4

logographic / word writing*

A system of writing in which each character represents a word or morpheme of the language, e.g., Chinese. See ideograph, logographic writing.

5

syllabic writing*

A writing system in which each syllable in the language is represented by its own symbol, e.g., hiragana in Japanese.

6

phonographic symbol*

A symbol in a writing system that stands for the sounds of a word.

7

rebus principle*

In writing, the use of a pictogram for its phonetic value, e.g., using a picture of a bee to represent the verb be or the sound [b].

8

consonantal alphabet*

The symbols of a consonantal writing system.

9

alphabetic writing*

A writing system in which each symbol typically represents one sound segment.

10

Pinyin*

An alphabetic writing system for Mandarin Chinese using a Western-style alphabet to represent individual sounds.