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Flashcards in Phonetics Deck (53)
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1

phonetics

The study of linguistic speech sounds, how they are produced (articulatory phonetics), how they are perceived (auditory or perceptual phonetics), and their physical aspects (acoustic phonetics).

2

segment

(1) An individual sound that occurs in a language; (2) the act of dividing utterances into sounds, morphemes, words, and phrases.

3

acoustic phonetics

The study of the physical characteristics of speech sounds.

4

auditory phonetics

The study of the perception of speech sounds.

5

articulatory phonetics

The study of how the vocal tract produces speech sounds; the physiological characteristics of speech sounds.

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orthography

The written form of a language; spelling.

7

phonetic alphabet

Alphabetic symbols used to represent the phonetic segments of speech in which there is a one-to-one relationship between each symbol and each speech sound.

8

glottis

The vocal cords themselves and/or the opening between the vocal cords.

9

larynx

The structure of muscles and cartilage in the throat that contains the vocal cords and glottis; often called the “voice box.”

10

pharynx

The tube or cavity in the vocal tract above the glottis through which the air passes during speech production.

11

nasal cavity

The passageways between the throat and the nose through which air passes during speech if the velum is open (lowered). See oral cavity.

12

oral sound

A non-nasal speech sound produced by raising the velum to close the nasal passage so that air can escape only through the mouth. See nasal sound.

13

oral cavity

The mouth area through which air passes during the production of speech. See nasal cavity.

14

vocal tract

The oral and nasal cavities, together with the vocal cords, glottis, and pharynx, all of which may be involved in the production of speech sounds.

15

place of articulation

The part of the vocal tract at which constriction occurs during the production of consonants. See manner of articulation.

16

bilabials

A sound articulated by bringing both lips together.

17

labiodentals

A sound produced by touching the bottom lip to the upper teeth, e.g., [v].

18

interdentals

A sound produced by inserting the tip of the tongue between the upper and lower teeth, e.g., the initial sounds of thought and those.

19

alveolars

A sound produced by raising the tongue to the alveolar ridge, e.g., [s], [t], [n].

20

alveolar ridge

The part of the hard palate directly behind the upper front teeth.

21

palatals

A sound produced by raising the front part of the tongue to the palate.

22

velars

A sound produced by raising the back of the tongue to the soft palate, or velum

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uvulars

A sound produced by raising the back of the tongue to the uvula.

24

glottal/ glottal stop

A speech sound produced with constriction at the glottis; when the air is stopped completely at the glottis by tightly closed vocal cords, a glottal stop is produced.

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velum

The soft palate; the part of the roof of the mouth behind the hard palate.

26

lateral

A sound produced with air flowing past one or both sides of the tongue, e.g., [l].

27

manner of articulation

The way the air stream is obstructed as it travels through the vocal tract. Stop, nasal, affricate, and fricative are some manners of articulation. See place of articulation.

28

voiceless

A speech sound produced with open, non-vibrating vocal cords.

29

voiced

A speech sound produced with vibrating vocal cords.

30

aspirated

Describes a voiceless stop produced with a puff of air that results when the vocal cords remain open for a brief period after the release of the stop, e.g., the [pʰ] in pit. See unaspirated.