Grammar Flashcards Preview

Linguistics > Grammar > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grammar Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

noun

person, place, thing or idea (can be the subject or object of the sentence)

2

count vs. mass

countable: countable (rings, girls) vs. mass: not countable (milk, sand)

3

concrete vs. abstract

concrete: tangible vs abstract: intangible

4

proper vs. common

proper noun: name vs common noun: categories

5

gerund

noun derived from a verb that tends to end in –ing (must be the subject of a sentence)

6

verb

action or state of being (doable)

7

transitive verb

accompanies a direct object

8

intransitive verb

doesn’t require a direct object

9

ditransitive verb

accompanies a direct and indirect object

10

auxiliary verb

verbs used with a main verb to carry grammatical information (only three examples – to have, to do, to be)

11

modal verb

fixed forms that don’t change (eight main examples: can, could, should, will, would, might, must & may)

12

participle

piece of a verb

13

present participle

ends in -ing; usually accompanied by an auxiliary verb

14

adjective

modifies or describes a noun (ex: green, round, wet, pretty)

15

pronoun

replaces a noun

16

object

recipient of an action

17

demonstrative pronoun or determiner

this / that (can act as a determiner or replace the noun)

18

adverb

modifies or describes a verb or adjective

19

conjunction

connects sentence parts

20

coordinating conjunction

(FANBOYS) for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and & so

21

subordinating conjunction

connects a dependent clause to an independent clause (ex: while, unless, although, since, because)

22

interjection

hey! , no!, Oh!

23

preposition

small word that expresses spatial or temporal relationships (of, for, with, around, to etc)

24

definite article

the

25

indefinite article

a/ an

26

infinitive

a verb that is conjugated; usually begins in “to”

27

imperative

command without a subject

28

(simple) past

a verb conjugated into the past tense

29

present progressive

auxiliary verb in the present tense with a present participle (ex: I am running)

30

past progressive

auxiliary verb in the past tense with a present participle (ex: I was running)