Flashcards in Chapter 11: Language Change - The Syllables of Time Deck (10)
sound shift/ sound change*
Historical phonological change. Also called sound change.
The deletion of some part of a longer word to give a shorter word with the same meaning, e.g., phone from telephone. See abbreviation.
Word composed of the initials of several words and pronounced as such, e.g., PET scan from positron-emission tomography scan. See alphabetic abbreviation.
Word in one language whose origins are in another language, e.g., in Japanese, besiboru, “baseball,” is a loan word from English. See borrowing.
A semantic change in which the meaning of a word changes over time to become more encompassing, e.g., dog once meant a particular breed of dog.
A word composed of the initials of several words and pronounced letter-by-letter, e.g., MRI from magnetic resonance imaging. See acronym.
The earliest identifiable language from which genetically related languages developed.
A semantic change in which the meaning of a word changes in time to become less encompassing, e.g., deer once meant “animal.”
A word taken from a proper name, such as Hertz for “unit of frequency.”