Chapter 11: Language Change - The Syllables of Time Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11: Language Change - The Syllables of Time Deck (10)
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1

sound shift/ sound change*

Historical phonological change. Also called sound change.

2

clipping*

The deletion of some part of a longer word to give a shorter word with the same meaning, e.g., phone from telephone. See abbreviation.

3

acronyms*

Word composed of the initials of several words and pronounced as such, e.g., PET scan from positron-emission tomography scan. See alphabetic abbreviation.

4

loan word*

Word in one language whose origins are in another language, e.g., in Japanese, besiboru, “baseball,” is a loan word from English. See borrowing.

5

broadening*

A semantic change in which the meaning of a word changes over time to become more encompassing, e.g., dog once meant a particular breed of dog.

6

alphabetic abbreviations*

A word composed of the initials of several words and pronounced letter-by-letter, e.g., MRI from magnetic resonance imaging. See acronym.

7

protolanguage

The earliest identifiable language from which genetically related languages developed.

8

narrowing

A semantic change in which the meaning of a word changes in time to become less encompassing, e.g., deer once meant “animal.”

9

eponym

A word taken from a proper name, such as Hertz for “unit of frequency.”

10

meaning shift

when a lexical item has a complete shift in meaning
ex: gay now means homosexual when it simply used to mean happy