Chapter 10. Nervous System - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

Language of Medicine > Chapter 10. Nervous System - Medical Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10. Nervous System - Medical Terms Deck (150)
Loading flashcards...
1

acetylcholine

neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells

2

afferent nerve

carries nervous impulses toward the brain and spinal cord; sensory nerve

3

akinetic

pertaining to loss or absence of voluntary movement

4

analgesia

absence of sensitivity to pain

5

aphasia

inability to speak; language function is impaired due to injury to the cerebral cortex

6

apraxia

inability to perform purposeful acts or manipulate objects

7

arachnoid membrane

middle layer of the meninges that surround the brain and spinal cord

8

astrocyte

glial (neuroglial) cell that transports salts and water from capillaries

9

ataxia

without coordination

10

autonomic nervous system

nerves that control involuntary body functions of muscles, glands, and internal organs

11

axon

microscopic fiber that carries a nervous impulse along a nerve cell

12

blood-brain barrier

blood vessels that let certain substances enter the brain tissue3 and keep other substances out

13

bradykinesia

slow movement

14

brainstem

lower portion of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord

15

cauda equina

collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord

16

causalgia

intensely unpleasant burning pain in a limb following damage to nerves

17

cell body

part of the nerve cell (neuron) that contains the nucleus

18

central nervous system

brain and spinal cord

19

cephalgia

head pain; headache

20

cerebellar

pertaining to the cerebellum

21

cerebellopontine

pertaining to the cerebellum and pons

22

cerebral cortex

outer region of the cerebrum

23

cerebrospinal fluid

clear, watery fluid that circulates throughout the brain and spinal cord

24

cerebrum

largest part of the brain; responsible for voluntary muscular activity, vision, speech, taste, hearing, thought and memory, among other functions

25

coma

state of unconsciousness from which a patient cannot be aroused

26

comatose

pertaining to a coma

27

cranial nerves

twelve pairs of nerves that carry messages to and from the brain

28

dendrite

microscopic branching portion of a nerve cell; first part of the nerve cell to receive the nervous impulse

29

dura mater

thick, outermost layer of the meninges surrounding the brain and spinal cord

30

dyskinesia

impairment of the ability to perform voluntary movements

Decks in Language of Medicine Class (49):