Chapter 5. Digestive System - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5. Digestive System - Medical Terms Deck (167)
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1

absorption

passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine and into the bloodstream

2

achlorhydria

absence of hydrocholoric acid from the gastric juice

3

amino acids

the chief constituents of proteins, these are acids that contribute to protein synthesis; amino acids are formed when large protein molecules are digested

4

amylase

the enzyme that digests or breaks down starch into simple substance

5

anastomosis

an opening between two tublular organs

6

anus

the opening of the rectum to the outside of the body

7

appendectomy

removal or excision of the appendix

8

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix

9

appendix

small, slender sac near the beginning of the colon in the RLQ of the abdomen

10

bile

yellow or organ fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; it travels from the gallbladder into the small intestines to help digest fats

11

biliary

pertaining to bile or affecting the bile ducts; bile ducts empty bile into the small intestine (duodenum)

12

bilirubin

a yellow-orange pigment found in bile

13

bowel

intestine; the large bowel is called the colon and the small bowel is the small intestine

14

buccal mucosa

mucous membrane lining the cheek

15

canine teeth

four point, dog-like teeth; each canine or cusped tooth is third from the midline of the jaw

16

cecal

pertaining to the cecum, which is the first part of the large intestine

17

celiac

pertaining to the abdomen

18

cheilosis

scales and fissures on the lips

19

cholecystectomy

excision or removal of the gallbladder

20

choledocholithiasis

abnormal condition of stones in the common bile duct

21

choledochojejunostomy

surgical anastomosis (create a new opening) between the common bile duct and the jejunum

22

choledochotomy

incision of the common bile duct

23

cholelithiasis

abnormal condition of forming gallstones

24

colon

large intestine (bowel)

25

colonic

pertaining to the colon

26

colonoscopy

visual endoscopic examination of the colon

27

colostomy

new opening of the colon through the abdominal wall to the outside of the body

28

common bile duct

tube carrying bile from the gallbladder and liver into the first part of the small intestine

29

defecation

eliminating of wastes and undigested foods through the rectum

30

deglutition

swallowing

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