Chapter 13. Blood System - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13. Blood System - Medical Terms Deck (120)
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1

albumin

protein found in blood

2

anisocytosis

inequality in the size of red blood cells

3

antibody

protein made by white blood cells in response to foreign substances (antigens) in the blood

4

anticoagulant

substance that stimulates the production of an antibody

5

antigen

foreign agent that stimulates the production of an antibody

6

basophil

white blood cell (leukocyte) containing dark granules that stain with a basic dye

7

bilirubin

orange-yellow pigment found in bile; it is released from the brakdown of hemoglobin when red blood cells die

8

coagulation

process of blood clotting

9

coagulopathy

disease of blood clotting

10

colony-stimulating factor

protein that stimulates the growth and proliferation of white blood cells (granulocytes)

11

cytology

study of cells

12

differentiation

specialization of cells from immature to mature forms

13

electrophoresis

technique used to separate serum proteins by electrical charge

14

eosinophil

white blood cell whose granules stain intensely with an acidic eosin (reddish) dye; elevated in allergic reations

15

eosinophilia

increase in numbers of eosinophils in the bloodstream

16

eyrthroblast

immature, developing red blood cells

17

erythropoiesis

formation of red blood cells

18

erythropoietin

substance (hormone) produced by the kidney to stimulate bone marrow to produce erthrocytes

19

fibrin

protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot

20

fibrinogen

plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process

21

globulin

major blood protein; immunoglobulin

22

granulocyte

white blood cell with numerous dark-staining granules; neutrophil, eosinophil and basophil

23

granulocytopenia

deficiency of granulocytes

24

hematopoiesis

formation of blood cells

25

hemoglobin

blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells

26

hemoglobinopathy

disease or defect of hemoglobin production; sickle cell anemia is an example

27

hemolysis

destruction or breakdown of blood; specifically red blood cells

28

hemostasis

stoppage of bleeding or circulation of blood

29

heparin

anticoagulant found in blood and tissues

30

hypochromic

pertaining to deficiency in color; decrease in hemoglobin in red blood cells

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