Chapter 11. Cardiovascular System - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11. Cardiovascular System - Medical Terms Deck (148)
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1

angiogram

x-ray record of a blood vessel

2

angioplasty

surgical repair of a blood vessel

3

anoxia

lack of oxygen in body tissues

4

aorta

largest artery in the body

5

aortic stenosis

narrowing of the aorta

6

arrhythmia

without rhythm; an irregular beat of the heart

7

arterial anastomosis

surgical connection between two arteries

8

arteriography

x-ray recording of arteries; contrast is injected

9

arteriole

small artery

10

arteriosclerosis

hardening of an artery with collection of fatty plaque

11

artery

largest type of blood vessel

12

atheroma

mass of fatty plaque that collects in an artery

13

atherosclerosis

form of arteriosclerosis in which fatty plaque deposits in the interior lining of an artery

14

atrial

pertaining to an atrium (upper chamber of the heart)

15

atrioventricular bundle

specialized muscle fibers connecting the atria with the ventricles and transmitting impulses between them; bundle of His

16

atrioventricular node

specialized tissue in the wall between the atria; electrical impulses pass from the sino-atrial node (pacemaker) through the atrioventricular node and atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His) toward the ventricles

17

atrium, atria

upper chamber of the heart

18

brachial artery

artery that carries blood to the arm

19

bradycardia

slow heartbeat

20

bundle of His

atrioventricular bundle

21

capillary

smallest blood vessel

22

carbon dioxide

Gas released by body cells and carried by veins to the heart, and then to the lungs for exhalation; CO2.

23

cardiogenic shock

shock that results from failure of the heart in its pumping action

24

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

25

cardimyopathy

disease of heart muscle

26

coronary arteries

branches of the aorta bringing oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle

27

cyanosis

abnormal condition of blueness of the skin; caused by decreased oxygen and increased carbon dioxide in the blood

28

deoxygenated blood

blood that is oxygen poor

29

diastole

relaxation phase of the heartbeat

30

electrocardiogram

record of the electricity flowing through the heart

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